Adult Scoliosis

  • Steven M. Presciutti
  • Isaac L. Moss
  • Frank M. Phillips
Chapter

Abstract

Adult scoliosis represents a complex three-dimensional deformity that may affect the spine in the coronal, sagittal, and axial planes. Unlike in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, adult patients typically present with spinal deformity, stenosis, neurogenic symptoms, and significant medical comorbidities. Traditional surgical approaches to the adult patient with spinal deformity have included open posterior-only and open anterior/posterior surgical correction. These techniques have provided reliable results; however, the traditional open procedures carry with them a very significant perioperative risk profile. Minimally invasive surgery in the management of adult scoliosis has been introduced to minimize the postoperative morbidity and facilitate earlier recovery in this group of medically complicated patients. The current experience with minimally invasive techniques of adult scoliosis has rapidly evolved since their inception and the preliminary outcome data is promising.

Keywords

Fatigue Depression Osteoporosis Cage Pneumonia 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven M. Presciutti
    • 1
  • Isaac L. Moss
    • 2
  • Frank M. Phillips
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of Connecticut Health CenterFarmingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New England Musculoskeletal InstituteUniversity of Connecticut Health CenterFarmingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department or Orthopaedic SurgeryRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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