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Dysphagia, GER, and Aspiration in the Elderly

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Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM, volume 2)

Abstract

Within the United States, where it is estimated that >20 % of the population will be over the age of 65 by 2050 [1], a greater understanding of the impact of disorders affecting older adults is paramount. Due to physiologic changes of aging, an increased prevalence of comorbid conditions, and abundance of medication usage, the elderly comprise a distinct segment of the population at increased risk for upper gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Furthermore, the risk for lung disease, either directly or indirectly related to impaired swallowing or GI function, is high among older adults. The elderly manifest distinct presentations of certain GI disorders when compared to younger adults. Additionally, as people age, alterations in normal lung physiology place them at risk for pulmonary complications of GI disorders.

Keywords

Dysphagia GER Aspiration Elderly Swallowing disorders Parkinson’s Disease Stroke Zenker’s diverticulum Rheumatoid arthritis Diabetes mellitus Thyrotoxicosis Dermatomyositis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of Arizona Health Sciences CenterTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Heptalogy, the esophageal and swallowing CenterMetro Health Medical CenterClevelandUSA

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