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Behavioral Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases: An Overview

Chapter

Abstract

The focus of the growing discipline of behavioral epidemiology (BE) of infectious diseases is on individual behavior as a key determinant of infection trajectories. This overview departs from the central, but static, role of human behavior in traditional mathematical models of infection to motivate the importance of including behavior into epidemiological models. Our aim is threefold. First, we attempt to motivate the historical and cultural background underpinning the BE revolution, focusing on the issue of rational opposition to vaccines as a natural endpoint of the changed relation between man and disease in modern industrialized countries. Second, we review those contributions, from both mathematical epidemiology and economics, that forerun the current “epidemic” of studies on BE. Last, we offer a more detailed overview of the current epidemic phase of BE studies and, still motivated by the issue of immunization choices, introduce some baseline ideas and models.

Keywords

Nash Equilibrium Endemic Equilibrium Vaccine Coverage Basic Reproduction Number Herd Immunity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris Bauch
    • 1
  • Alberto d’Onofrio
    • 2
  • Piero Manfredi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and StatisticsUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada
  2. 2.Department of Experimental OncologyEuropean Institute of OncologyMilanItaly
  3. 3.Department of Economics and ManagementPisa UniversityPisaItaly

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