Surgical Intervention

  • J. Ernesto Molina
Chapter

Abstract

An incision is made parallel to the clavicle approximately 1–1½ in. below this level. The incision should extend from the lateral border of the sternum towards the deltopectoral groove (Fig. 19.1). After entering the subcutaneous tissue, the fibers of the pectoralis major are encountered. Usually a groove or natural separation of the fibers of the pectoralis major muscle exists, one group going to the clavicle and the other group towards the sternum. The incision is continued in that groove by splitting the muscle fibers bluntly without cutting or dividing them. This allows the surgeon to reach the retropectoral space exactly on top of the first rib. The adipose tissue is dissected and reflected laterally in order to expose the rib cage (Fig. 19.2). In severe cases of venous obstruction, it is necessary to inspect for the presence of dilated lymphatic channels which may be seen reaching the subclavian vein. These must be divided and tied securely in order to prevent post operative lymphatic drainage.

Keywords

Cage Heparin Assure Warfarin Dextran 

References

  1. 1.
    Molina JE, Hunter DW, Dietz CA. Paget-Schroetter syndrome treated with thrombolytics and immediate surgery. J Vasc Surg. 2007;45:328–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Molina JE, Hunter DW, Dietz CA. Protocols for Paget-Schroetter syndrome and late treatment of chronic subclavian vein obstruction. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;87:416–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Ernesto Molina
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cardiothoracic SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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