Human Altruism

  • Alexander Ollongren


The present chapter, a contribution to discussions on the possible contents of messages for interstellar communication, is concerned with the problem of characterizing in logical terms some essential moralistic aspects of human altruism. The rationale for this is that, once a suitable characterization is achieved and agreed upon, the Lingua Cosmica formulation proposed in this book can be utilized in actual message construction involving altruism. In the present chapter we have collected the LINCOS terms needed—this time in notes at the end of the discourse, enabling “easy reading” of the descriptive parts. We strive to achieve a measure of self-containment in this chapter and therefore collect relevant information on the basics of LINCOS as well.


Moral Behaviour Altruistic Behaviour Multilevel Approach Reciprocal Altruism Inductive Definition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Douglas A. Vakoch and M. Matessa An algorithmic approach to communicating reciprocal altruism in interstellar messages: drawing analogies between social and astrophysical phenomena, Acta Astronautca 68 (2011), issues 3–4, 459–475Google Scholar
  2. A. Ollongren Large-size Message Construction for ETI, Inductive Self-interpretation in LINCOS, proceedings of IAC-03-IAA.9.2.09 (2003) contains an elementary introduction to the concept of induction and its use in definitions and applicationsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Ollongren
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Computer ScienceLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations