Diplomacy and Global Health Security
This chapter discusses the concept of global health security, the key challenges it raises and the role of diplomacy in addressing them. It begins by outlining an expanded understanding of security, describing the concept of health security, including the dual aspects of societal health security and individual, or personal, health security. The political context is also described. Key issues in societal health security are then outlined, including significant threats and current responses. Threats covered include the emergence of infectious diseases that cross the species barrier from animals to humans, climate change, the deliberate use of disease-causing agents and the growing burden of non-communicable diseases. Current approaches to addressing threats to societal health security are discussed, along with the role to be played by international affairs. The chapter then describes key issues in individual health security, including reliable access to medicines and other health-related products and services; and the politically and economically sensitive determinants of access. The chapter then discusses how to ensure stronger global health security in the future.
KeywordsSevere Acute Respiratory Syndrome Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Rift Valley Fever Health Security Chemical Weapon Convention
- BWC. (1972). Convention on the prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapons and on their destruction. Online at: http://www.opbw.org/convention/conv.html Accessed 7.3.11.
- CWC. (1997). Convention on the prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons and on their destruction (chemical weapons convention). Online at: http://www.opcw.org/chemical-weapons-convention.html Accessed 7.3.11.
- Fraser, C., et al., & WHO Rapid Pandemic Assessment Collaboration. (2009). Pandemic potential of a strain of influenza A (H1N1): Early findings. Science, 324, 1557–1561.Google Scholar
- Heymann, D. L., & Rodier, G. (2004). SARS: A global response to an international threat. The Brown Journal of World Affairs, X(2), 185–197.Google Scholar
- Pavanello, S., & Darcy, J. (2008). Improving the provision of basic services for the poor in fragile environments: International literature review synthesis paper. London: Overseas Development Institute.Google Scholar
- President’s Malaria Initiative: Strategic Plan. (2005). Prepared by a USAID-CDC Interagency Working Group.Google Scholar
- Sejvar, J., Bancroft, E., Winthrop, K., Bettinger, J., Bajani, M., Bragg, S., et al., & Eco-Challenge Investigation Team. (2000). Leptospirosis in “Eco-Challenge” athletes, Malaysian Borneo. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 9(6), 702–707.Google Scholar
- Smith, A. (1776). An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell.Google Scholar
- Thrusfield, M. V. (2005). Veterinary epidemiology [Chapter 6]. In The transmission and maintenance of infection (3rd ed., 584 pp.). Blackwell Science.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2001). Macroeconomics and health: Investing in health for economic development—Report of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health. Chaired by Jeffrey D. Sachs.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2005). International health regulations.Google Scholar
- Zarcostas, J. (2010). Need to increase focus on non-communicable diseases in global health. British Medical Journal, 2010, 341.Google Scholar
- Commission on Human Security. (2003). Human Security Now (Chapter 6, pp. 95–111). http://www.humansecurity-chs.org/finalreport/index.html. Accessed on Jan 2012.
- Heymann, D. L. (2003a). Infectious disease threats to national and global security [Chapter 10]. In L. Chen, S. Fukuda-Parr, & E. Seidensticker (Eds.), Human insecurity in a global world (pp. 195–213). Cambridge: Global Equity Initiative, Asia Center, Harvard University.Google Scholar
- Heymann, D. L. (2003b). Evolving infectious disease threats to national and global security [Chapter 7]. In M. Della Giusta, U. Kambhampati, & R. Wade (Eds.), Critical perspectives on globalization (in the series the globalization of the world economy, Casson, M., ed). Cheltenham: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
- Heymann, D. L. (2000). Non-medical aspects of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases: Maximum protection with minimal disruption. In J. Whitman (Ed.), The politics of emerging and resurgent infectious diseases (pp. 170–177). London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Lee, K. (2003). Globalization and health. In Introduction. London: Palgrave.Google Scholar
- McInnes, C. (2008). Health. In P. Williams (Ed.), Security studies. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization. (2007). The World Health Report 2007: A safer future—Global public health security in the 21st century. http://www.who.int/whr/2007/en/. Accessed on Jan 2012.