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Houses and Households: a Near Eastern Perspective

  • A. Nigel Goring-Morris
  • Anna Belfer-Cohen
Chapter
Part of the One World Archaeology book series (WORLDARCH)

Abstract

Neolithisation processes in the Levant were a unique phenomenon in comparison to other regions of the world. Such processes were of long durée and are reflected in numerous aspects of the human condition, including social and economic developments. These also comprised changes in the scale and nature of the physical surroundings as reflected in the architectural endeavours and traditions of late Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic groups. Such changes reflected the demands and constraints of the newly evolving modes of existence, namely increasing sedentism, demographic growth, plant cultivation, proto-agriculture and incipient herding. Differences are observed in the tempo, scale and direction of the aforementioned changes; these indicate independent trajectories of local traditions, stemming from the particular histories of various groups within the sub-regions of the Levant.

Keywords

Levant Architecture Built environment long durée Epipalaeolithic Natufian Neolithic PPNA PPNB 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the editors, Daniela Hofmann and Jessica Smyth, for inviting us to contribute to this volume and for Dani’s patient but firm hand in steering this chapter through to completion. We also acknowledge the support of the Israel Science Foundation funded by the Israel Academy of Sciences (to A. Belfer-Cohen—Grants 855/03, 202/05 and 989/10; and to A.N. Goring-Morris—Grants 840/01, 558/04, 755/07, and 1161/10).

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Prehistory, Institute of ArchaeologyThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Prehistory, Institute of ArchaeologyThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

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