Denialism in science means rejecting statements and facts accepted by the scientific community. According to Diethelm and McKee, most forms of denialism share five common characteristics: conspiracy theories, fake experts, selectivity, impossible expectations of what research can deliver, and misrepresentation and logical fallacies. HIV/AIDS denialism is a public health concern as it misinforms both governments and lay people, thereby jeopardizing prevention and treatment for the infected individuals and creates confusion and distrust in the scientific community and among healthcare providers. HIV/AIDS denialism, a concept created in the late 1980s, holds that AIDS is not caused by HIV.
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