A Benchmarking Study for Human Capital in Europe

  • Aikaterini Kokkinou
  • George M. Korres
  • Efstratios Papanis
  • Panagiotis Giavrimis
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM, volume 28)


Since early, economic theory dealt with the innovation as basic factor of economic development and technical change. The first approach in defining innovation has been made by Schumpeter (1934), which first focused on innovation factor as one of the core sources of dynamism in the capitalistic social and economic growth, asserting that innovation is one of the centred activities towards economic change and growth.


Labour Market Human Capital Gender Equality Annual Earning European Union Average 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aikaterini Kokkinou
    • 1
  • George M. Korres
    • 2
    • 3
  • Efstratios Papanis
    • 4
  • Panagiotis Giavrimis
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowScotland, UK
  2. 2.Centre of Urban and Regional Development Studies (CURDS)University of NewcastleNewcastleUK
  3. 3.Department of GeographyUniversity of the AegeanMytileneGreece
  4. 4.Department of SociologyUniversity of the AegeanMytileneGreece

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