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Taxonomy and Classification

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Mycoheterotrophy

Abstract

This chapter provides a description of all plant families and genera that include putative fully mycoheterotrophic species, excluding initial and partial mycoheterotrophs. The overview covers a total of 17 families, 101 genera, and ca. 880 species. For each family and genus (except for Orchidaceae) a short morphological description is provided followed by notes on taxonomy, distribution, evolution, and ecology. For most genera a line drawing of a representative species is provided. Included families are: Aneuraceae, Burmanniaceae, Corsiaceae, Ericaceae, Gentianaceae, Gleicheniaceae, Iridaceae, Lycopodiaceae, Ophioglossaceae, Orchidaceae, Petrosaviaceae, Podocarpaceae, Polygalaceae, Psilotaceae, Schizaeaceae, Thismiaceae, and Triuridaceae.

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Acknowledgements

Vincent Merckx, Hiltje Maas-van de Kamer, and Paul Maas assembled the chapter and wrote Section 1 and 4, 5.2–5.5, 5.7–5.8, and 5.10. Raymond Stotler, Barabara Crandall-Stotler, and Norman Wickett contributed Section 2. Maarten Christenhusz wrote Section 3. Paula Rudall contributed to 5.1 and 5.4. John Freudenstein and Vincent Merckx wrote Section 5.6 and 5.9. Jonathan Kissling contributed to Section 5.10.

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Merckx, V.S.F.T. et al. (2013). Taxonomy and Classification. In: Merckx, V. (eds) Mycoheterotrophy. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5209-6_2

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