Advertisement

Variation in Inca Building Stone Quarry Operations in Peru and Ecuador

  • Dennis Ogburn
Chapter
Part of the Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology book series (IDCA)

Abstract

Data from a number of Inca stone quarries are examined to explore the variability in Inca organization of the production of cut-stone building blocks in the heartland of Cusco, Peru and the southern highlands of Ecuador. Great variability is seen in the size of quarries, distance from construction sites, and the associated facilities constructed to support quarrying activities. In contrast, all quarries were similar in being located near major roads and steps of stone block preparation undertaken within the quarries. The cultural meanings and sacred nature of quarries and building stone is seen as an important dimension of the Inca approach to quarrying and using cut stone.

Keywords

Building Stone Cultural Meaning Building Site Stone Masonry Dimension Stone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The fieldwork that served as a basis for this chapter benefited from collaboration with and participation of a number of people, and in particular I would like to thank José Luis Espinosa, Julio César Sierra, and Bill Sillar. Funding for my initial visits to Rumiqolqa and Cojitambo was provided by the Archaeological Research Facility of the University of California, Berkeley. I would like to thank Nico Tripcevich and Kevin Vaughn for their feedback on this chapter and efforts in creating this volume. I also appreciate the anonymous reviewer comments, which contributed to improving the chapter.

References

  1. Bauer, B. S. (1998). The sacred landscape of the Inca: The cusco ceque system. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  2. Betanzos, J. de (1996 [1557]). Narrative of the Incas. [R. Hamilton and D. Buchanan, Trans. and Eds.]. University of Texas Press, Austin.Google Scholar
  3. Cieza de León, P. (1984 [1553]). La crónica del Perú primera parte. Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú Fondo Editorial, Lima.Google Scholar
  4. Cieza de León, P. (1985 [1553]). La crónica del Perú segunda parte (El señorío de los Incas). Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú Fondo Editorial, Lima.Google Scholar
  5. Cobo, B. (1990 [1653]). Inca Religion and Customs [R. Hamilton, Trans.]. University of Texas Press, Austin.Google Scholar
  6. D’Altroy, T. N. (1992). Provincial power in the Inka empire. Washington/London: Smithsonian Institution Press.Google Scholar
  7. Dean, C. (2010). A culture of stone: Inka perspectives on rock. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Duviols, P. (1967). Un inédit de Cristóbal de Albornoz: la instrucción para descubrir todas las guacas del Pirú y sus camayos y haziendas. Journal de la Société des Americanistes, 55(1), 7–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Garcilaso de la Vega, el Inca. (1966 [1609]). Royal commentaries of the Incas and general ­history of Peru [H. V. Livermore, Trans.]. University of Texas Press, Austin.Google Scholar
  10. Gasparini, G., & Margolies, L. (1980). Inca Architecture [P. J. Lyon, Trans.]. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.Google Scholar
  11. Gomis, D. (2003). Prospección y excavaciones en la cantera de Cajón Tambo (provincia de Cañar). Revista de Antropologia, 17, 37–67.Google Scholar
  12. Gregory, H. E. (1916). A geologic reconnaissance of the Cuzco Valley, Peru. American Journal of Science, 41, 1–100.Google Scholar
  13. Harth-terré, E. (1965). Técnica y arte de la cantería incaica. Revista Universitaria (Cuzco) 51–52 (122–123 and 123–125):152–168.Google Scholar
  14. Heizer, R., & Williams, H. (1968). Archaeological Research in Peru and Bolivia. In National Geographic Society Research Reports for 1963 (pp.127–134). National Geographic Society, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  15. Heldal, T., & Bloxam, E. (2008). Quarryscapes guide to ancient stone quarry landscapes: Documentation, interpretation, and statement of significance. Electronic document. http://www.quarryscapes.no/guide_content_text.php, accessed May 22, 2012.
  16. Hunt, P. N. (1990). Inca Volcanic Stone Provenance in the Cuzco Province, Peru. Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, 1, 24–36.Google Scholar
  17. Kalafatovich, C. (1970). Geología del grupo arqueológico de la Fortaleza de Saccsayhuaman y sus vecinidades. Revista Saqsaywaman, 1, 61–68.Google Scholar
  18. McEwan, G. F. (1984). The middle horizon in the valley of Cuzco, Peru: The Impact of the Wari occupation of Pikillacta in the Lucre Basin (Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation). University of Texas, Austin.Google Scholar
  19. Menzel, D. (1959). The Inca occupation of the south coast of Peru. Southwest Journal of Anthropology, 15(2), 125–142.Google Scholar
  20. Ogburn, D. (2004a). Evidence for long-distance transport of andesite building blocks in the Inca Empire. Latin American Antiquity, 15(4), 419–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ogburn, D. (2004b). Dynamic display, propaganda, and the reinforcement of provincial power in the inca empire. In K. Vaughn, D. Ogburn, & C. Conlee (Eds.), Foundations of Power in the Prehispanic Andes. Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association, Vol. 14, pp. 225–239.Google Scholar
  22. Ogburn, D. (2010). Inca manipulation of the sacred landscape of Saraguro, Ecuador. Ñawpa Pacha, 30(2), 165–186.Google Scholar
  23. Protzen, J.-P. (1983). Inca quarrying and stonecutting. Ñawpa Pacha, 21, 183–214.Google Scholar
  24. Protzen, J.-P. (1993). Inca architecture and construction at Ollantaytambo. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Protzen, J.-P., & Nair, S. (1997). Who taught the Inca stonemasons their skills? A comparison of Tiahuanaco and Inca Cut-Stone Masonry. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 56(2), 146–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rapoport, A. (1993). On the nature of capitals and their physical expression. In J. Taylor, J. G. Lengellé, & C. Andrew (Eds.), Capital cities: International perspectives (pp. 31–67). Ottawa: Carleton University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Schreiber, K. J. (1992). Wari imperialism in middle horizon Peru. Anthropological papers, No.87. Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  28. Squier, E. G. (1877). Peru: Incidents of travel and exploration in the land of the Incas. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  29. Trigger, B. G. (1990). Monumental architecture: A thermodynamic explanation of symbolic behavior. World Archaeology, 22(2), 119–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Van Buren, M., & Presta, A. M. (2010). The Organization of Inka Silver Production in Porco, Bolivia. In M. Malpass & S. Alconini (Eds.), Distant provinces in the Inka Empire: Toward a deeper understanding of Inka imperialism (pp. 173–192). Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.Google Scholar
  31. Wright, K. R., Zegarra, A. V., & Lorah, W. L. (1999). Ancient Machu Picchu drainage ­engineering. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 125(6), 360–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA

Personalised recommendations