Gawky (GW) is the Drosophila melanogaster GW182 Homologue

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (volume 768)

Abstract

While the human GW182 gene was discovered over 10 years ago, functional characterization of the Drosophila melanogaster GW182 othologue—Gawky (Gw, previously denoted as CG31992, CG11484, CG9905, or dGW182) has been relatively recent. (Rehwinkel et al. 2005; Schneider et al. 2006) However, the Drosophila model has contributed greatly to studying the role(s) of the GW182 family proteins in multiple pathways and in particular their role in RNA interference (RNAi). Of the commonly used metazoan models, Drosophila is unique in that there is only one Gw protein encoded by the Drosophila genome and this homologue retains a high level of sequence and/or organizational identity to vertebrate GW182 proteins (Fig. 8.1). Thus, the potential functional redundancy associated with the multiple GW182 family proteins encoded by the mammalian genome is less of a concern in Drosophila studies (Schneider et al. 2006; Eystathioy et al. 2002). The bulk of the currently published literature regarding Drosophila Gw can be divided into two main categories. Functional studies describing the Drosophila gw mutant phenotype and cell-biological/biochemical studies probing the vital role of Gw in the mechanics of Drosophila miRNA pathway.

Keywords

Codon Glycine Serine Glutamine Tryptophan 

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cell BiologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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