Magnetic Nanoparticles and Thermally Responsive Polymer for Targeted Hyperthermia and Sustained Anti-Cancer Drug Delivery

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 765)

Abstract

A novel cancer treatment method is being designed using a combination of iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (IONPs) and Pluronic F-127 (PF127). IONPs have been used for heating tumors via an alternating electromagnetic (AEM) field. PF127 is a polymer possessing thermo-reversible and concentration-dependent gelation properties in aqueous solutions. PF127, as a gel, is an attractive drug delivery vehicle due to its zero-order drug release property. The combination of IONPs and PF127 would allow both short-term, tumor-specific, hyperthermic treatment, and long-term sustained drug delivery. As a preliminary study, the gelling and heating properties of IONPs/PF127 mixtures were investigated: 18% (w/w) PF127 was found to be ideal for our purpose because it gels at 28.0°C, i.e., it would be injectable at room temperature (20–25°C) and forms gel upon injection into the body (37°C). IONPs in PF127 showed little effect on gelation temperatures. The heating performance of IONPs in PF127 slightly, but linearly decreased with PF127. In the IONP concentration range of 0.01–0.05% (w/v) mixed with PF127 at 18% (w/w), the heating performance increased linearly with the increase in IONP concentration.

Keywords

Nanoparticles Anti-cancer drug delivery 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Special thanks go to Ms. Jianting Wang and Dr. Robert Lupitskyy for their help. The authors also thank BASF Global for their kind donation of PF127.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Y. Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michelle C. Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kyung A. Kang
    • 2
  1. 1.DuPont Manual High SchoolLouisvilleUSA
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering DepartmentUniversity of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA

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