The Ego-Resiliency Scale by Block and Kremen (1996) and Trait Ego-Resiliency

Part of the The Springer Series on Human Exceptionality book series (SSHE)


This chapter presents the ER89 which is based on the Ego-Resiliency Scale (Block, 1989; Block & Kremen, 1996) based on the construct of ego-resiliency. Block's conceptualization of ego-resiliency was the ability to adapt ones level of emotional control up or down appropriate to the circumstances presented. Development and validity evidence are presented for the ER89.




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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Resiliency Institute of Allenhurst, LLCWest AllenhurstUSA

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