Structure and Development of Fruit and Seed of Jatropha gossypiifolia L.

  • S. M. Khasim
  • T. V. Ramana Rao
  • G. Ramesh
  • S. Hemalatha


The structure and development of fruit and seed of Jatropha gossypifolia L. has been studied with reference to functional relationship with dehiscence of fruit. J. gossypifolia belongs to the subfamily Crotonoideae of Euphorbiaceae with Pseudanthium and trichomes that cause irritation to the skin. The fruit is a schizocarpic tricocca; abscission tissue located in carpophore and septum is responsible for loculicidal and septicidal dehiscence. The outer epidermis, mesoderm and inner epidermis of the ovary wall has been differentiated into epicarp, mesocarp and endocarp respectively. The seed originates from the anatropous, bitegmic and crossinucellate ovule. J. gossypifolia differs from J. curcas in lacking the patches of thin-walled cells in exotesta and the presence of post-chalazal vascular bundles. On the basis of fruit and seed anatomy, interrelationships with other members of Crotonoideae have been discussed.


Vascular Bundle Abscission Zone Ovary Wall Spongy Tissue Outer Epidermis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are thankful to the Prof. K.S. Rao, Head, Department of Biosciences, Sardar Patel University for providing laboratory facility; Prof. Y. Ranga Reddy and Mr. T. Venkateswara Rao of Department of Zoology, Acharya Nagarjuna University for photomicrography facility.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Khasim
    • 1
  • T. V. Ramana Rao
    • 2
  • G. Ramesh
    • 1
  • S. Hemalatha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Botany and MicrobiologyAcharya Nagarjuna UniversityGuntur (Dt.)India
  2. 2.Department of BiosciencesSardar Patel UniversityVallabh VidyanagarIndia

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