Advertisement

Securing Attachment: Mother–Infant Research Informs

Attachment-Based Clinical Practice
  • Donna Demetri Friedman
  • Leyla Ertegun
  • Tina Lupi
  • Beatrice Beebe
  • Sara Deutsch
Chapter
Part of the Essential Clinical Social Work Series book series (ECSWS)

Abstract

This chapter reviews the Attachment-Based literature on the parent–infant relationship. It begins by discussing the contributions of the early theorists of the mother–infant relationship, followed by later research and refinements in theory. It then presents how both theory and research inform Attachment-Based clinical practice, including the use of videotape in clinical intervention. A case example illustrates this parent–child treatment approach.

Keywords

Attachment Style Insecure Attachment Mutual Regulation Attachment Relationship Attachment Figure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Wittig, B. A. (1969). Attachment and exploratory behaviour of one-year-olds in a strange situation. In B. M. Foss (Ed.), Determinants of infant behavior (pp. 113–136). London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  2. Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  3. Arend, R., Gove, F., & Sroufe, A. (1979). Continuity of individual adaptation from infancy to kindergarten: A predictive study of ego resilience and curiosity in preschoolers. Child Development, 50, 950–959.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beebe, B. (2000). Co-constructing mother–infant distress. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 20, 421–440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beebe, B. (2003). Brief mother–infant treatment: Psychoanalytically informed video feedback. Infant Mental Health Journal, 24, 24–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Beebe, B. (2005). Mother–infant research informs mother–infant treatment. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 60, 7–46.Google Scholar
  7. Beebe, B., & Gerstman, L. (1980). The packaging of maternal stimulation in relation to infant facial-visual engagement: A case study at four months. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 26, 321–339.Google Scholar
  8. Beebe, B., & Lachmann, F. M. (1994). Representation and internalization in infancy: Three principles of salience. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 11, 127–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Beebe, B., & Lachmann, F. M. (1998). Co-constructing inner and relational processes: Self and mutual regulation in infant research and adult treatment. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 15, 480–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Beebe, B., & Stern, D. (1977). Engagement-disengagement and early object experience. In M. Freedman & S. Grenel (Eds.), Communicative structures and psychic experiences (pp. 33–55). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  11. Beebe, B., Jaffe, J., Buck, K., Chen, H., Cohen, P., Feldstein, S., et al. (2008). Maternal depressive symptoms at 6 weeks predict mother-infant self- and interactive contingency. Infant Mental Health Journal, 29, 442–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Beebe, B., Jaffe, J., Feldstein, S., Mays, K. & Alson, D. (1985). Interpersonal timing: The application of an adult dialogue model to mother-infant vocal and kinesic interactions. In T. M. Field & N. A. Fox (Eds.), Social perception in infants (pp. 61–82). Hillsdale: Analytic Press.Google Scholar
  13. Beebe, B., Jaffe, J., & Lachmann, F. M. (1992). A dyadic systems view of communication. In N. Skolnick & S. Warshaw (Eds.), Relational perspectives in psychoanalysis (pp. 61–81). Hillsdale: Analytic Press.Google Scholar
  14. Beebe, B., Jaffe, J., Lachmann, F. M., Feldstein, S., Crown, C., & Jasnow, J. (2000). Systems models in development and psychoanalysis: The case of vocal rhythm coordination and attachment. Infant Mental Health Journal, 21, 99–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Beebe, B., Jaffe, J., Markese, S., Buck, K., Chen, H., Cohen, P., Bahrick, L., Andrews, H., & Feldstein, S. (2010). The origins of 12-month attachment: A microanalysis of 4-month interaction. Attachment and Human Development, 12, 3–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bowlby, J. (1958). The nature of the child’s tie to his mother. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 39, 350–373.Google Scholar
  17. Bowlby, J. (1960). Separation anxiety. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 15, 9–20.Google Scholar
  18. Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment. In Attachment and loss, Vol. 1. London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis.Google Scholar
  19. Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss. In Separation: Anxiety and anger, Vol. 2. London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis.Google Scholar
  20. Brazelton, T. B., Kowslowski, B., & Main, M. (1974). The origins of reciprocity: The early mother-infant interaction. In M. Lewis & L. Rosenblum (Eds.), The effect of the infant on its caregivers (pp. 49–76). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  21. Cohn, J. F., & Tronick, E. Z. (1988). Mother-infant interaction: Influence is bidirectional and unrelated to periodic cycles in either partner’s behavior. Developmental Psychology, 24, 386–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Erickson, M., Sroufe, A., & Egeland, B. (1983). The relationship between quality of attachment and behavior problems in preschool in a high-risk sample. In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.), Growing points in attachment theory and research. Monographs for the Society for Research in Child Development (Vol. 50, 1–2, Serial No. 209).Google Scholar
  23. Fairbairn, W. R. D. (1963). Synopsis of an object-relations theory of the personality. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 44, 224–225.Google Scholar
  24. Field, T. (1981). Infant gaze aversion and heart rate during face-to-face interactions. Infant Behavior and Development, 19, 307–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Field, T. (1994). The effects of mother’s physical and emotional unavailability on emotion regulation. Monograph of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59, 208–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Fonagy, P., & Target, M. (1998). Mentalization and the changing aims of child psychoanalysis. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 8, 87–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Fraiberg, S. (1980). Clinical studies in infant mental health: The first year of life. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  28. Giannino, A., & Tronick E. Z. (1988). The mutual regulation model: The infant’s self and interactive regulation and coping and defensive capacities. In T. Field, P. McCabe & N. Schneiderman (Eds.), Stress and coping (pp. 47–60). Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  29. Guedeney, A., & Guedeney, N. (2010). The era of using video for observation and intervention in infant mental health. The Signal, 18, 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jaffe, J., Beebe, B., Feldstein, S., Crown, C. L., & Jasnow, M. D. (2001). Rhythms of dialogue in infancy. Monograph of the Society for Research in Child Development, 66, 1–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lewis, M., Feiring, C., McGuffog, C., & Jaskir, J. (1984). Predicting psychopathology in six year olds from early social relations. Child Development, 55, 123–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lyons-Ruth, K. (1999). The two-person unconscious: Intersubjective dialogue, enactive relational representation, and the emergence of new forms of relational organization. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 19, 576–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lyons-Ruth, K., Alpern, L., & Repacholi, B. (1993). Disorganized infant attachment: Classification and maternal psychosocial problems as predictors of hostile-aggressive behavior in the preschool classroom. Child Development, 64, 572–585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lyons-Ruth, K., Yellin, C., Melnick, S., & Atwood, G. (2005). Expanding the concept of unresolved mental states: Hostile/helpless states of mind on the adult attachment interview are associated and infant disorganization. Development and Psychopathology, 17, 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Marvin, R., Cooper, G., Hoffman, K., & Powell, B. (2002). The circle of security project: Attachement-based intervention with caregiver-pre-school dyads. Attachment & Human Development, 4, 107–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. McDonough, S. (1993). Interaction guidance. In C. Zeanah (Ed.), Handbook of infant mental health (pp. 414–426). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  37. Murray, L., & Cooper, P. (1997). Postpartum depression and child development. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  38. Sander, L. (1977). The regulation of exchange in the infant-caretaker system and some aspects of the context-content relationship. In M. Lewis & L. Rosenblum (Eds.), Interaction, conversation, and the development of language (pp. 133–156). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  39. Slade, A. (2008). The implication of attachment theory and research for adult psychotherapy. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment (pp. 762–782). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  40. Spitz, R. A., & Cobliner, W. G. (1965). The first year of life. New York: International Universities Press.Google Scholar
  41. Sroufe, A. (1985). Attachment classification from the perspective of infant-caregiver relationships and infant temperament. Child Development, 56, 1–14.Google Scholar
  42. Stern, D. (1971). A microanalysis of the mother-infant interaction. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 10, 501–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stern, D. (1974). Goal and structure of mother-infant play. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 13, 402–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Stern, D. (1977). The first relationship. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Stern, D. (1985). The interpersonal world of the infant. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  46. Stern, D. (1995). The motherhood constellation. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  47. Trevarthen, C. (1977). Descriptive analyses of infant communicative behavior. In H. R. Schaffer (Ed.), Studies in mother-infant interaction (pp. 227–270). London: Academic.Google Scholar
  48. Trevarthen, C. (1998). The concept and foundations of infant intersubjectivity. In H. Schaffer (Ed.), Intersujective communication and emotion in early ontogeny (pp. 15–46). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  49. Tronick, E. Z. (1989). Emotions and emotional communication in infants. American Psychologist, 44, 112–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tronick, E. Z. (2001). Emotional connections and dyadic consciousness in infant-mother and patient-therapist interactions. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 11, 187–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Tronick, E. Z. (2007). The neurobehavioral and social-emotional development an infants and children. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  52. Tronick, E. A., & Cohn, J. F. (1989). Infant-mother face-to-face interaction: Age and gender differences in coordination and the occurrence of miscooridination. Child Development, 60, 85–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Tronick, E. Z., & Giannino, A. (1986). Interactive mismatch and repair: Challenges to the coping infant. Zero to Three: Bulletin of the National Center for Clinical Infant Programs, 5, 1–6.Google Scholar
  54. Tronick, E. Z., & Weinberg, M. K. (1997). Depressed mothers and infants: Failures to form dyadic states of consciousness. In L. Murray & P. Cooper (Eds.), Postpartum depression and child development. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  55. Tronick, E. Z., Als, H., Adamson, L., Wise, S., & Brazelton, T. (1978). The infant’s response to entrapment between contradictory messages in face-to-face interaction. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 17, 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Waters, E., Merrick, S., Treboux, D., Crowell, J., & Albersheim, L. (2000). Attachment security in infancy and early adulthood: A twenty-year longitudinal study. Child Development, 7, 684–689.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Weinberg, M. K., Tronick, E. Z., Cohn, J. F., & Olson, K. L. (1998). Gender differences in emotional expressivity and self regulation during early infancy. Developmental Psychology, 35, 175–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Winnicott, D. (1956). Collected papers. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  59. Winnicott, D. (1965). The maturational processes and the facilitating environment. New York: International Universities Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donna Demetri Friedman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Leyla Ertegun
    • 1
  • Tina Lupi
    • 4
  • Beatrice Beebe
    • 3
  • Sara Deutsch
    • 1
  1. 1.Riverdale Mental Health AssociationBronxNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Silver School of Social WorkNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.College of Physicians & Surgeons at Columbia UniversityNew York State Psychiatric InstituteNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Private PracticeNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations