The Role of Microwaves in the Extraction of Fats and Oils

  • M. D. Luque de Castro
  • M. A. Fernández-Peralbo
  • B. Linares-Zea
  • J. Linares
Chapter
Part of the Food Engineering Series book series (FSES)

Abstract

The microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of fats and oils at laboratory and industrial scales, the most common raw materials from which they are extracted, and the extractant required in each case are reviewed. The extractors used for this purpose, which range from conventional household devices to sophisticated commercial equipment, and their use at pilot and industrial plants, are discussed. Selected applications of MAE are compared with those of other energy-assisted extraction techniques (e.g., ultrasound-assisted extraction and superheated liquid extraction) and with conventional extraction to highlight its advantages and disadvantages. Finally, potential trends in the broad field of fat and oil extraction are outlined.

Keywords

Biomass Corn Filtration Steam Polysaccharide 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Spain’s Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICINN), and the FEDER programme, for funding this work through Project CTQ2009-07430.

Abbreviations

ASE

Accelerated solvent extraction

CMAE

Continuous flow microwave-assisted extraction

EFAs

Essential fatty acids

FID

Flame-ionization detection

FMASE

Focused microwave-assisted Soxhlet extractor

FME

Focused microwave-assisted extraction

GC

Gas chromatography

HPSE

High-pressure solvent extraction

LC

Liquid chromatography

LDL

Low-density lipoproteins

LLE

Liquid–liquid extraction

MAE

Microwave-assisted extraction

MASE

Microwave-assisted Soxhlet extraction

MIR

Middle infrared spectrometry

MIS

Microwave integrated Soxhlet

MS

Mass spectrometry

NEFAs

Nonessential fatty acids

NMR

Nuclear magnetic resonance

PFE

Pressurized fluid extraction

PHSE

Pressurized hot solvent extraction

PTFE

Polytetrafluoroethylene

PUFAs

Polyunsaturated fatty acids

SHLE

Superheated liquid extraction

SHSE

Superheated solvent extraction

SPE

Solid-phase extraction

SPME

Solid-phase microextraction

SSE

Subcritical solvent extraction

UMAE

Ultrasound and microwaves for acceleration of extraction

USAE

Ultrasound-assisted extraction

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D. Luque de Castro
    • 1
  • M. A. Fernández-Peralbo
    • 1
  • B. Linares-Zea
    • 2
  • J. Linares
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Analytical ChemistryMaimónides Institute of Biomedical Research (IMIBIC), Reina Sofía Hospital, University of CórdobaCórdobaSpain
  2. 2.DEOLEO, S.A.AndújarSpain

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