Advertisement

Imaging Jet Flow Patterns

  • Pradipta Kumar Panigrahi
  • Krishnamurthy Muralidhar
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES, volume 4)

Abstract

Imaging jet flow in various contexts is the subject of this chapter. Configurations such as (a) buoyant helium fountain, (b) multiple jets, and (c) jet impingement are included. These examples illustrate the utility of optical techniques in explaining interesting flow patterns. Quantities such as penetration distance, spreading rates, and instabilities are discussed. Schlieren and shadowgraph images are included.

Key words

Buoyant jets Multiple jets Jet impingement Helium fountain Instability Light intensity fluctuations 

References

  1. 1.
    W.D. Baines, J.S. Turner and I.H. Campbell, Turbulent fountains in an open chamber, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 212, pp. 557–592, 1990.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W.D. Baines, A.F. Corriveau and T.J. Reedman, Turbulent fountains in a closed chamber, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 255, pp. 621–646, 1993.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    L.J. Bloomfield and R.J. Kerr R.J., A theoretical model of a turbulent fountain, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. , pp., 2000.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P.F. Crapper and W.D. Baines, Some remarks on non-Boussinesq forced plumes, Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 11. pp. 415–420, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.W. Cresswell and R.T. Szczepura, Experimental investigation into a turbulent jet with negative buoyancy, Physics of Fluids, Vol. 5, pp. 2865–2878, 1993.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P.D. Friedman, Oscillation height of a negatively buoyant jet, J. Fluids Eng. Trans. ASME, Vol. 128, pp. 880–882, 2006.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P.D. Friedman and J. Katz, The flow and mixing mechanisms caused by the impingement of an immiscible interface with a vertical jet, Physics of Fluids, Vol. 11, pp. 2598–2606, 1999.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    P.D. Friedman and J. Katz, Rise height for negatively buoyant fountains and depth of penetration for negatively buoyant jets impinging on an interface, J. Fluids Eng. Trans. ASME, Vol. 122, pp. 779–782, 2000.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    P.D. Friedman, V. Vadakoot, W.J. Meyer and S. Carey, Instability threshold of a negatively buoyant fountain, Experiments in Fluidis, Vol. 42, pp. 751–759, 2007.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    N.A. Jaffe, The laminar boundary layer with uniform injection of a foreign gas, Proc. Royal Soc. London, Vol. 317, pp. 393–405, 1970.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Jiaojain, L. Wing-Keung and S.C.M. Yu, On Boussinesq and non-Boussinesq starting forced plumes, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 558, pp. 357–386, 2006.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Kaminski, S. Tait, and G. Carazzo, Turbulent entrainment in jets with arbitrary buoyancy, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 526, p.361–376, 2005.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D.M. Kyle and K.R. Sreenivasan, The instability and breakdown of a round variable-density jet, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 1993.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    W. Lin and S.W. Armfield, The Reynolds and Prandtl number dependence of weak fountains, Journal of Computational mechanics, Vol. 31, pp. 379–389, 2003.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    W. Lin and S.W. Armfield, Weak fountains, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 403, pp. 67–88, 2000.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    E.J. List, Turbulent Jets and Plumes, Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, Vol.14, pp. 189–212, 1982.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    T.J. McDougall, Negatively buoyant vertcial jets, Tellus, Vol. 33(3), pp. 313–320, 1981.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. Michaux and O. Vauquelin, Solutions for turbulent buoyant plumes rising from circular sources, Physics of Fluids, Vol. 20, 066601, 2008.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    J.H. Middleton, Times of rise for turbulent forced plumes, Tellus, Vol.31, pp. 82–88, 1979.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. Mizushina, F. Ogino, H. Takeuchi and H. Ikawa, An experimental study of vertical turbulent jet with negative buoyancy, Warme-und Stoffubertragung, Vol. 16, p. 15, 1982.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    D.E. Mowbray, The use of schlieren and shadowgraph techniques in the study of flow patterns in density stratified liquids, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 27(3), pp. 595–608, 1967.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. W. Nichols, P. J. Schmid and J. J. Riley, Self-sustained oscillations in variable-density round jets, Journal of Fluid Mechanics , Vol. 582, pp. 341–376, 2007.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. Pantzlaff and R.M. Lueptow, Transient positively and negatively buoyant turbulent round jets, Expt. Fluids, Vol. 27, pp. 117–125, 1999.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    P.N. Papanicolaou, I.G. Papakonstantis and G.C. Christodoulou, J. Fluid Mech, Vol. 614, pp. 447–470, 2008.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. Philippe,C. Raufaste, P. Kurowski and P. Petitjeans, Penetration of a negatively buoyant jet in a miscible liquid, Phys. Fluids., Vol. 17, pp. 1–10, 2005.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    M.R. Phipps, Y. Jaluria and T. Eklund, Helium-based simulation of smoke spread due to fire in enclosed spaces, Journal of Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 157, pp. 63–86, 1997.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A.T. Ramsey and M. Diesso, Abel inversions: error propagation and inversion reliability, Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 70, pp. 380–383, 1999.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Salewski, D. Stankovic and L. Fuchs, Mixing in circular and non-circular jets in cross-flow, Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, Vol. 80(2), pp. 255–283, 2008.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    N. Srinarayana, G.D. McBain, S.W. Armfield and W.X. Lin, Height and stability of laminar plane fountains in a homogeneous fluid, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 50 (7–8). pp. 1592–1602, 2008.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    K.R. Sreenivasan, S. Raghu and D. Kyle, Absolute instability in variable density round jets, Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 7, pp. 309–317, 1989.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J.S. Turner, Jets and plumes with negative or reversing buoyancy, J. Fluid Mech., Vol. 26, pp. 779–792, 1966.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    I.N.G. Wardana, H. Kawasaki and T. Ueda, Near-field instability of variable property jet in normal gravity and microgravity fields, Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 47, pp. 239–249, 2009.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    N. Williamson, N. Srinarayana, S.W. Armfield, G.D. Mcbain and W. Lin, Low-Reynolds-number fountain behaviour, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 608, pp. 297–317, 2008.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    B.S. Yildirim and A.K. Agrawal, Full-field measurements of self-excited oscillations in momentum-dominated helium jets, Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 38, pp. 161–173, 2005.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    H. Zhang and R.E. Baddour, Maximum penetration of vertical round dense jets at small and large Froude numbers, J. Hydraulic Eng., Vol. 124, pp. 550–553, 1998.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    H. Zhang and R.E. Baddour, Density effect on round turbulent hypersaline fountain, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 135(1), pp. 57–59, 2009.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pradipta Kumar Panigrahi
    • 1
  • Krishnamurthy Muralidhar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia

Personalised recommendations