Transport Phenomena in Crystal Growth

  • Pradipta Kumar Panigrahi
  • Krishnamurthy Muralidhar
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES, volume 4)


The importance of crystals in modern technology can hardly be overemphasized. They are the workhorses that drive optoelectronic devices of the present photonics era. The quality of crystals needed for optical applications has to be very high. Significant progress in crystal growth process has resulted in giant strides in several fields employing devices based on crystals. Crystal growth is seen as a multidisciplinary field involving subjects from the basic sciences as well as engineering. Competence in solid-state physics, chemistry, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, crystallography, mathematical modeling, optical engineering, and electronics and instrumentation is jointly required. This chapter describes convection patterns formed during growth of a crystal from an aqueous supersaturated solution. The role rotation of the crystal during growth is examined.


Free Convection Seed Crystal Schlieren Image Convection Pattern Buoyant Plume 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pradipta Kumar Panigrahi
    • 1
  • Krishnamurthy Muralidhar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia

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