Convection in Superposed Fluid Layers

  • Pradipta Kumar Panigrahi
  • Krishnamurthy Muralidhar
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES, volume 4)


Buoyancy-driven convection in differentially heated fluid layers overlaid on each other is the subject of interest in this chapter. The problem is characterized by the formation of a fluid–fluid interface. The nature of coupling between the two fluid layers is determined by the interface. Experiments conducted over a limited range of parameters with an air–silicone oil system are discussed in the sections below. For the range of parameters studied, surface tension was found to be of secondary importance.

Key words

Buoyant convection Two-fluid system Interfaces Nusselt number. 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pradipta Kumar Panigrahi
    • 1
  • Krishnamurthy Muralidhar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia

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