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Epidemiology of STI and HIV: An Overview of Concentration and Geographical and Temporal Dispersion

  • Peter J. WhiteEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

There is marked variation in the burden of disease due to STI and HIV that is experienced by different communities, and this burden changes over time. There is enormous variation in the burden of HIV both between countries [1] and within countries, with some groups (e.g., MSM, IDU) affected much more heavily than others. Even within risk groups there can be considerable variation. For this reason, it is argued that “Planning an intervention to prevent [HIV] infections … should be guided by local epidemiological and socioeconomic conditions … [including] risk behaviour, attitudes to risk, prevalence of cofactor STIs, stage of the HIV epidemic, existing health services.” [2].

Keywords

Sexual Partner Core Group Sexual Partnership Infectious Period Concurrent Partner 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Modelling & Economics UnitHealth Protection AgencyLondonUK
  2. 2.MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease EpidemiologyImperial College London, School of Public HealthLondonUK

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