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Chlamydia Control: A Comparative Review from the USA and UK

  • Nicola LowEmail author
  • William M. Geisler
  • Judith M. Stephenson
  • Edward W. HookIII
Chapter

Abstract

Chlamydia trachomatis infection (chlamydia) is the most common notifiable bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide. In the United States of America (USA) in 2009, 1,244,180 cases of chlamydia were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the largest number of cases ever reported to CDC for any notifiable disease [1]. It has been estimated, from population prevalence surveys, that approximately 2 % of sexually active adults aged 18–44 years old in the UK [2] and 2.2 % (CI, 1.8–2.8 %) of the US population aged 14–39 years [3] are infected with chlamydia. This level of prevalence in the USA translates into an estimated 2,291,000 (95 % confidence interval, CI, 1,857,000–2,838,000) chlamydia infections each year [3]. Globally, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are about 92 million new cases of chlamydia each year [4].

Keywords

Ectopic Pregnancy Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Chlamydia Infection Partner Notification Chlamydia Screening 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicola Low
    • 1
    Email author
  • William M. Geisler
    • 2
  • Judith M. Stephenson
    • 3
  • Edward W. HookIII
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Social and Preventive MedicineUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.Division of Infectious DiseasesUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Women’s HealthUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Jefferson County Department of HealthBirminghamUSA

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