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Prevention of HIV and Other Blood-Borne and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in People Who Inject Drugs: Current Status and Future Prospects

  • Richard NeedleEmail author
  • Sasha Mital
  • Andrew Ball
Chapter

Abstract

Scientific consensus has emerged that introducing and scaling up core interventions of a comprehensive HIV prevention program—linked with an enabling environment of laws, policies, and regulations supportive of prevention, treatment, and care—can stabilize and halt the spread of, and even reverse, the HIV epidemic among persons who inject drugs (PWID) [1–4]. Yet, the global burden of HIV and other diseases among persons who inject drugs (heroin, cocaine, and amphetamine-type stimulants) is high and growing in many regions of the world. Availability and access to evidence-based core interventions are low; profound obstacles persist, limiting the nature, scope, and quality of prevention, treatment, and care services. Despite the fact that every country reporting persons who inject drugs has made commitments to protect human rights in relation to HIV [5], many do not enforce their policies and violate the human rights of persons who inject drugs [6, 7].

Keywords

Drug User Harm Reduction Methadone Maintenance Therapy Public Health Approach Syringe Exchange Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Office of the Global Aids CoordinatorWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Global HIVAIDSU.S. Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.HIV DepartmentWorld Health OrganizationGeneva 27Switzerland

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