Soviet Period Air Photography and Archaeology of the Bronze Age in the Southern Urals of Russia

Chapter

Abstract

This chapter examines the use of air photography during the Soviet Period and the utilisation of this imagery for archaeological research. A detailed case study is provided on the Southern Ural Mountains region of Russia where archaeologists focusing on the Middle to Late Bronze Age (2100–1500 BC) have utilised black-and-white air photography to identify numerous archaeological sites ranging from the Bronze Age to the medieval period. In recent years, the integration of air photography, geophysical prospection and stratigraphic excavation has produced important insights into the spatial characteristics and diachronic phasing of prehistoric settlement and cemetery patterning. These successful research programmes provide a valuable model for similar field programmes being conducted throughout the territories of the Russian Federation and other regions of the world.

Keywords

Furnace Depression Radar Excavation Stratigraphy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the editors of this volume for their sincere patience in the preparation of our paper. We also owe a debt of gratitude to our numerous field colleagues in Russia, United States, China, England and Slovenia. A special word of thanks is owed to our colleagues Dmitri Zdanovich, Elena Kupriyanova, Andrei Epimakhov, Roger Doonan, Derek Pitman and Colin Merrony for their assistance with the geophysical surveys at Stepnoye and Kamennyi Ambar. The geophysical prospection data reviewed for the settlements of Stepnoye and Kamennyi Ambar was achieved through field projects funded by the National Science Foundation (BCS #0726279) and the University of Pittsburgh and is gratefully acknowledged. We are also grateful to Chelyabinsk State University for permission to reproduce portions of the Soviet Period air photography that appear in this chapter. All opinions and errors in this chapter are the sole responsibility of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Historical-Cultural Reserve ArkaimChelyabinskRussia
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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