Anatomy and Physiology of the Farmed Animal

  • Keith J. Ellis
Part of the Advances in Delivery Science and Technology book series (ADST)


Most farmed animals have anatomical and physiological features that are in many ways similar to humans, but there are also important differences. This chapter assumes a basic understanding of mammalian structure and function and attempts to highlight the differences, particularly as they relate to drug delivery and metabolism. There is a conscious bias towards ruminant livestock, as they represent a major sector of the farmed animal population, and are the group that differ most from the monogastrics. More reading will be required for the reader wishing to develop specific bioactive delivery technologies per se, but this chapter aims to provide a sufficient understanding of the environment into which the drug is being introduced, and an explanation of the relevance of the (sometimes) unusual modes of administration for the reader more interested in the benefits to be gained from the treatment of livestock.


Farm Animal Bioactive Material Ruminant Animal Rumen Content Drug Delivery Technology 
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Copyright information

© Controlled Release Society 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ellis ConsultingArmidaleAustralia

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