Conclusion: Possible Implications of Governance and “Epistemic Governance” for the Academic Profession (Academic Faculty) and Their Academic Careers
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Alessandro Cavalli and Ulrich Teichler introduce the following definition for “academic profession”: “The academic profession is the ‘productive workforce’ of higher education institutions and research institutes, the key organizations in society serving the generation, preservation and dissemination of systematic knowledge. There is a general consensus that the academic profession is highly important in a society often characterized as a ‘knowledge society’. They raise the question, whether the academic profession has changed in recent years? Change could refer to and be benchmarked with the following indicators and characteristics: (1) “identities of the academic profession”; (2) the spectrum of “employment and remuneration conditions”; (3) “varied resources” and differences in academic performance; (4) the impact of different “managerial and evaluative practices” on the academic profession; (5) either increasing differences or more of a convergence (decreasing differences) between the various higher education systems.