Symptom Recognition of Heart Attack and Stroke

  • Jutta MataEmail author
  • Ronald Frank
  • Gerd Gigerenzer


Cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death and a source of chronic disability. In this chapter, we assess recognition of and reaction to symptoms of heart attack and stroke, and how recognition is related to the frequency of consulting physicians and other information sources. Participants (N = 10,228 persons) were representative samples from nine European countries, namely Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Spain, and UK, aged 14–98. Results show that the majority of citizens in these countries recognize few heart attack and stroke symptoms and many do not know how to react in case of a stroke. This low level of knowledge constitutes a major health risk, and likely leads to delay in treatment, contributing to the high mortality and morbidity from these diseases.


Health Information Information Source Heart Attack Community Sample Thrombolytic Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung AssociationNurembergGermany
  3. 3.Harding Center for Risk Literacy, Center for Adaptive Behavior and CognitionMax Planck Institute for Human DevelopmentBerlinGermany

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