Resection and Reconstruction of Central Airways
Most abnormalities involving the subglottic area, trachea, and main stem bronchi cause obstruction and consequently stimulate endoscopic evaluation. Before considering resection and reconstruction of central airways, technical resectability has to be confirmed. Precise determination of location, extension, and pathologic condition is mandatory apart from assessment of the patient’s clinical status. Nonneoplastic conditions are more common indication for surgical interventions than neoplastic diseases. Resection up to 4–5 cm in length can be managed safely, while the strongest predictors of low morbidity and mortality are a tension-free anastomosis and early extubation.
KeywordsSmall Cell Carcinoma Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Main Bronchus Central Airway Main Stem Bronchus
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