Balloon Dilation Techniques

  • Kevin L. KovitzEmail author


Airway stenosis has many causes and can cause significant symptoms in some patients. Once identified, many interventions are available. A simple, safe, direct, inexpensive, repeatable, and rapidly effective option is balloon dilation, also called balloon bronchoplasty. Many balloon options are available, but all can be readily performed with the aid of bronchoscopy. Attention to the airway and experience combined with readily available equipment can lead to immediate symptomatic improvement. Dilation alone may prove sufficient but can also be combined with other modalities such as stenting or laser. At the least, dilation can improve the airway sufficiently to allow the time and stability to move on to more invasive techniques should they be required.


Balloon Dilation Laryngeal Mask Airway Airway Patency Rigid Bronchoscope Airway Stenosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. 1.
    Freitag L, Ernst A, Unger M, Kovitz K, Marquette CH. A proposed classification system of central airway stenosis. Eur Respir J. 2007;30:7–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mayse ML, Greenheck J, Friedman M, Kovitz KL. Successful bronchoscopic balloon dilation of nonmalignant tracheobronchial obstruction without fluoroscopy. Chest. 2004;126:634–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kovitz KL, Conforti JF. Balloon bronchoplasty: when and how. Pulmon Perspect. 1999;16(1):1–3.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sheski FD, Mathur PN. Long-term results of fiberoptic bronchoscopic balloon dilation in the management of benign tracheobronchial stenosis. Chest. 1998;114(3):796–800.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hebra A, Powell DD, Smith CD, Othersen HB. Balloon tracheoplasty in children: results of a 15-year experience. J Pediatr Surg. 1991;26(8):957–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ferretti G, Jouvan FB, Thony F, Pison C, Coulomb M. Benign noninflammatory bronchial stenosis: treatment with balloon dilation. Radiology. 1995;196:831–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hautmann H, Gamarra F, Pfeifer KJ, Huber RM. Fiberoptic bronchoscopic balloon dilation in malignant tracheobronchial disease: indications and results. Chest. 2001;120(1):43–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kim JH, Shin JH, Song HY, Shim TS, Ko GY, Yoon HK, Sung KB. Tracheobronchial laceration after balloon dilation for benign strictures: incidence and clinical significance. Chest. 2007;131(4):1114–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Abi-Jaoudeh N, Francois RJ, Oliva VL, Giroux MF, Thereasse E, Cliché A, Chaput M, Ferraro P, Poirier C, Soulez G. Endobronchial dilation for the management of bronchial stenosis in patients after lung transplantation: effect of stent placement on survival. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009;20(7):912–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    De Gracia J, Culebras M, Alvarez A, Catalan E, De la Rosa D, Maestre J, Canela M, Roman A. Bronchoscopic balloon dilation in the management of bronchial stenosis following lung transplantation. Respir Med. 2007;101(1):27–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chicago Chest CenterElk Grove VillageUSA

Personalised recommendations