Industrial Enzymes and Biocatalysis

Chapter

Abstract

All life processes, whether plant, animal, or microbial, depend upon a complex network of enzyme-catalyzed chemical reactions for cellular growth and maintenance [1, 2]. As catalysts, enzymes facilitate reactions by enabling alternate reaction mechanisms with lower activation energy, but in no way modify the thermodynamic equilibrium constant or the free energy change of a chemical transformation. They generate enormous kinetic rate accelerations, often exceeding factors of 1012-fold relative to the rate of the uncatalyzed reaction. Enzymes are capable of performing many different chemistries, can be produced on a large scale, and typically operate at ambient temperatures and near neutral pH [3–5]. These attributes have captured the attention of generations of scientists and engineers alike and enabled the dramatic growth of the enzyme industry over the past century.

Keywords

Biomass Surfactant Hydrolysis Penicillin Ibuprofen 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DuPont Industrial BiosciencesPalo AltoUSA

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