Alcohol and Other Substances

  • Anne M. Lipton
  • Cindy D. Marshall


The good news is that light-to-moderate alcohol use does not appear to increase one’s risk of dementia In fact, a review of over a hundred studies looking at the relationship of alcohol to cognition found that light to moderate alcohol use, particularly wine, reduces the risk of both Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia [1]. Moderate alcohol consumption is typically defined as no more than one drink a day for women or no more than two drinks a day for men. Acknowledging some amount of variation, a drink is typically defined as 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of liquor. The same review [1] found that heavy drinking was associated with an increased risk of dementia.


Obstructive Sleep Apnea Family Caregiver Alcohol Withdrawal Medication List Moderate Alcohol Consumption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Neafsey EJ, Collins MA. Moderate alcohol consumption and cognitive risk. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2011;7(1):465–84.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lopez OL, Becker JT, Sweet RA, et al. Psychiatric symptoms vary with the severity of dementia in probable Alzheimer’s disease. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2003;15(3):346–53.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lyketsos CG, Lopez O, Jones B, Fitzpatrick AL, Breitner J, DeKosky S. Prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in dementia and mild cognitive impairment: results from the cardiovascular health study. JAMA. 2002;288(12):1475–83.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Munoz DG, Feldman H. Causes of Alzheimer’s disease. CMAJ. 2000;162(1):65–72. Review.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne M. Lipton
    • 1
  • Cindy D. Marshall
    • 2
  1. 1.Diplomate in NeurologyAmerican Board of Psychiatry and NeurologyBuffalo GroveUSA
  2. 2.Memory Center, Baylor Neuroscience CenterBaylor University Medical CenterDallasUSA

Personalised recommendations