What Is Dementia?

  • Anne M. Lipton
  • Cindy D. Marshall


All Alzheimer’s disease is dementia, but not all dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Despite this crucial distinction, even experienced clinicians often confuse these terms. It is important to understand and differentiate the specific type of dementia affecting a patient as the specific diagnosis may determine both treatment and prognosis. And these are usually the overarching concerns of loved ones from the very start of the dementing illness and the clinical evaluation. So—what is dementia? And—what are the signs?


Mild Cognitive Impairment Alzheimer Disease Cognitive Domain Vascular Dementia Daily Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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    Morris JC. Clinical dementia rating: a reliable and valid diagnostic and staging measure for dementia of the Alzheimer type. Int Psychogeriatr. 1997;9 Suppl 1:173–6. discussion 177–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne M. Lipton
    • 1
  • Cindy D. Marshall
    • 2
  1. 1.Diplomate in NeurologyAmerican Board of Psychiatry and NeurologyBuffalo GroveUSA
  2. 2.Memory Center, Baylor Neuroscience CenterBaylor University Medical CenterDallasUSA

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