Biological Role of Ascorbate in Plants

  • Yuyang Zhang
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Plant Science book series (BRIEFSPLANT)


Leaf Senescence Quiescent Center Apical Shoot Glutathione Cycle Cell Wall Metabolism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Iqbal Y, Ihsanullah I, Shaheen N, Hussain I (2009) Significance of vitamin C in plants. J Chem Soc Pak 31:169–170Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nishikimi M, Fukuyama R, Minoshima S, Shimizu N, Yagi K (1994) Cloning and chromosomal mapping of the human nonfunctional gene for l-gulono-gamma-lactone oxidase, the enzyme for L-ascorbic acid biosynthesis missing in man. J Biol Chem 269:13685–13688PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pastori GM, Kiddle G, Antoniw J, Bernard S, Veljovic-Jovanovic S, Verrier PJ, Noctor G, Foyer CH (2003) Leaf vitamin C contents modulate plant defense transcripts and regulate genes that control development through hormone signaling. Plant Cell 15:939–951PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Smirnoff N (1996) The function and metabolism of ascorbic acid in plants. Ann Bot 78:661–669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Horemans N, Foyer CH, Asard H (2000a) Transport and action of ascorbate at the plant plasma membrane. Trends Plant Sci 5:263–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Horemans N, Foyer CH, Potters G, Asard H (2000b) Ascorbate function and associated transport systems in plants. Plant Physiol Biochem 38:531–540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Loewus FA, Loewus MW (1987) Biosynthesis and metabolism of ascorbic-acid in plants. Crit Rev Plant Sci 5:101–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Loewus FA (1999) Biosynthesis and metabolism of ascorbic acid in plants and of analogs of ascorbic acid in fungi. Phytochemistry 52:193–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Smirnoff N (2011) Vitamin C: the metabolism and functions of ascorbic acid in plants. Adv Bot Res 59:107–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Stevens R, Buret M, Duffe P, Garchery C, Baldet P, Rothan C, Causse M (2007) Candidate genes and quantitative trait loci affecting fruit ascorbic acid content in three tomato populations. Plant Physiol 143:1943–1953PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cordoba F, Gonzalezreyes JA (1994) Ascorbate and plant-cell growth. J Bioenerg Biomembr 26:399–405PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kerk NM, Feldman LJ (1995) A biochemical-model for the initiation and maintenance of the quiescent center—implications for organization of root-meristems. Development 121:2825–2833Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Potters G, Horemans N, Caubergs RJ, Asard H (2000) Ascorbate and dehydroascorbate influence cell cycle progression in a tobacco cell suspension. Plant Physiol 124:17–20PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Arrigoni O (1994) Ascorbate system in plant development. J Bioenerg Biomembr 26:407–419PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Veljovic-Jovanovic SD, Pignocchi C, Noctor G, Foyer CH (2001) Low ascorbic acid in the vtc-1 mutant of Arabidopsis is associated with decreased growth and intracellular redistribution of the antioxidant system. Plant Physiol 127:426–435PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tabata K, Oba K, Suzuki K, Esaka M (2001) Generation and properties of ascorbic acid-deficient transgenic tobacco cells expressing antisense RNA for L-galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase. Plant J 27:139–148PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Johkan M, Oda M, Mori G (2008) Ascorbic acid promotes graft-take in sweet pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.). Scientia Hortic Amsterdam 116:343–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Torabinejad J, Donahue JL, Gunesekera BN, Allen-Daniels MJ, Gillaspy GE (2009) VTC4 is a bifunctional enzyme that affects myoinositol and ascorbate biosynthesis in plants. Plant Physiol 150:951–961PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hidalgo A, Gonzalezreyes JA, Navas P (1989) Ascorbate free-radical enhances vacuolization in onion root-meristems. Plant Cell Environ 12:455–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    deCabo RC, GonzalezReyes JA, Cordoba F, Navas P (1996) Rooting hastened in onions by ascorbate and ascorbate free radical. J Plant Growth Regul 15:53–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Takahama U (1993). Regulation of peroxidase-dependent oxidation of phenolics by ascorbic-acid—different effects of ascorbic-acid on the oxidation of coniferyl alcohol by the apoplastic soluble and cell wall-bound peroxidases from epicotyls of Vigna angularis. Plant Cell Physiol 34:809–817Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Davey MW, Van Montagu M, Inze D, Sanmartin M, Kanellis A, Smirnoff N, Benzie IJJ, Strain JJ, Favell D, Fletcher J (2000) Plant L-ascorbic acid: chemistry, function, metabolism, bioavailability and effects of processing. J Sci Food Agric 80:825–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Horemans N, Asard H, Caubergs RJ (1994) The role of ascorbate free-radical as an electron-acceptor to cytochrome b-mediated trans-plasma membrane electron-transport in higher-plants. Plant Physiol 104:1455–1458PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Asard H, Horemans N, Caubergs RJ (1995) Involvement of ascorbic-acid and a b-type cytochrome in plant plasma-membrane redox reactions. Protoplasma 184:36–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Padh H (1990) Cellular functions of ascorbic-acid biochemistry and cell biology. Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire 68:1166–1173PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fry SC (1998) Oxidative scission of plant cell wall polysaccharides by ascorbate-induced hydroxyl radicals. Biochemistry Journal 332:507–515Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kato N, Esaka M (1999) Changes in ascorbate oxidase gene expression and ascorbate levels in cell division and cell elongation in tobacco cells. Physiol Plant 105:321–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pignocchi C, Fletcher JM, Wilkinson JE, Barnes JD, Foyer CH (2003) The function of ascorbate oxidase in tobacco. Plant Physiol 132:1631–1641Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Noctor G, Foyer CH (1998) Ascorbate and glutathione: keeping active oxygen under control. Ann Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 49:249–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Smirnoff N, Wheeler GL (2000) Ascorbic acid in plants: biosynthesis and function. Crit Rev Plant Sci 19:267–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Alhagdow M, Mounet F, Gilbert L, Nunes-Nesi A, Garcia V, Just D, Petit J, Beauvoit B, Fernie AR, Rothan C, Baldet P (2007) Silencing of the mitochondrial ascorbate synthesizing enzyme L-galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase affects plant and fruit development in tomato. Plant Physiol 145:1408–1422PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zhang CJ, Liu JX, Zhang YY, Cai XF, Gong PJ, Zhang JH, Wang TT, Li HX, Ye ZB (2011) Overexpression of SlGMEs leads to ascorbate accumulation with enhanced oxidative stress, cold, and salt tolerance in tomato. Plant Cell Rep 30:389–398PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Gilbert L, Alhagdow M, Nunes-Nesi A, Quemener B, Guillon F, Bouchet B, Faurobert M, Gouble B, Page D, Garcia V, Petit J, Stevens R, Causse M, Fernie AR, Lahaye M, Rothan C, Baldet P (2009) GDP-D-mannose 3,5-epimerase (GME) plays a key role at the intersection of ascorbate and non-cellulosic cell-wall biosynthesis in tomato. Plant J 60:499–508PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Johkan M, Mori G, Mitsukuri K, Mishiba K, Morikawa T, Imahori Y, Oda M (2008) Effect of ascorbic acid on in vivo organogenesis in tomato plants. J Hortic Sci Biotechnol 83:624–628Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Olmos E, Kiddle G, Pellny TK, Kumar S, Foyer CH (2006) Modulation of plant morphology, root architecture, and cell structure by low vitamin C in Arabidopsis thaliana. J Exp Bot 57:1645–1655PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Liu YH, Yu L, Wang RZ (2011) Level of ascorbic acid in transgenic rice for l-galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase overexpressing or suppressed is associated with plant growth and seed set. Acta Physiol Plant 33:1353–1363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kotchoni SO, Larrimore KE, Mukherjee M, Kempinski CF, Barth C (2009) Alterations in the endogenous ascorbic acid content affect flowering time in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 149:803–815PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Miller G, Suzuki N, Rizhsky L, Hegie A, Koussevitzky S, Mittler R (2007) Double mutants deficient in cytosolic and thylakoid ascorbate peroxidase reveal a complex mode of interaction between reactive oxygen species, plant development, and response to abiotic stresses. Plant Physiol 144:1777–1785PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Yamamoto A, Bhuiyan NH, Waditee R, Tanaka Y, Esaka M, Oba K, Jagendorf AT, Takabe T (2005) Suppressed expression of the apoplastic ascorbate oxidase gene increases salt tolerance in tobacco and Arabidopsis plants. J Exp Bot 56:1785–1796PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Barth C, De Tullio M, Conklin PL (2006) The role of ascorbic acid in the control of flowering time and the onset of senescence. J Exp Bot 57:1657–1665PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Barth C, Moeder W, Klessig DF, Conklin PL (2004) The timing of senescence and response to pathogens is altered in the ascorbate-deficient Arabidopsis mutant vitamin c-1. Plant Physiol 134:1784–1792PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Navabpour S, Morris K, Allen R, Harrison E, A-H-Mackerness S, Buchanan-Wollaston V (2003) Expression of senescence-enhanced genes in response to oxidative stress. J Exp Bot 54:2285–2292PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Keller R, Springer F, Renz A, Kossmann J (1999) Antisense inhibition of the GDP-mannose pyrophosphorylase reduces the ascorbate content in transgenic plants leading to developmental changes during senescence. Plant J 19:131–141PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Lin LL, Shi QH, Wang HS, Qin AG, Yu XC (2011) Over-expression of tomato GDP-Mannose pyrophosphorylase (GMPase) in potato increases ascorbate content and delays plant senescence. Agric Sci Chin 10:534–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Conklin PL, Barth C (2004) Ascorbic acid, a familiar small molecule intertwined in the response of plants to ozone, pathogens, and the onset of senescence. Plant Cell Environ 27:959–970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Arrigoni O, DeGara L, Paciolla C, Evidente A, dePinto MC, Liso R (1997) Lycorine: A powerful inhibitor of L-galactono-gamma-lactone dehydrogenase activity. J Plant Physiol 150:362–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Fry SC (1986) Cross-linking of matrix polymers in the growing cell walls of angiosperms. Ann Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 37:165–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Zancani M, Peresson C, Patui S, Tubaro F, Vianello A, Macri F (2007) Mitochondrial ferritin distribution among plant organs and its involvement in ascorbate-mediated iron uptake and release. Plant Sci 173:182–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Munne-Bosch S, Alegre L (2002) Interplay between ascorbic acid and lipophilic antioxidant defences in chloroplasts of water-stressed Arabidopsis plants. FEBS Lett 524:145–148PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Ranieri A, Lencioni L, Schenone G, Soldatini GF (1993) Glutathione-ascorbic acid cycle in pumpkin plants grown under polluted air in open-top chambers. J Plant Physiol 142:286–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Batini P, Ederli L, Pasqualini S, Antonielli M, Valenti V (1995) Effects of ethylenediurea and ozone in detoxificant ascorbic-ascorbate peroxidase system in tobacco plants. Plant Physiol Biochem 33:717–723Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Ranieri A, Castagna A, Soldatini GF (2000) Differential stimulation of ascorbate peroxidase isoforms by ozone exposure in sunflower plants. J Plant Physiol 156:266–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Wang WX, Vinocur B, Altman A (2003) Plant responses to drought, salinity and extreme temperatures: towards genetic engineering for stress tolerance. Planta 218:1–14PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Yabuta Y, Motoki T, Yoshimura K, Takeda T, Ishikawa T, Shigeoka S (2002) Thylakoid membrane-bound ascorbate peroxidase is a limiting factor of antioxidative systems under photo-oxidative stress. Plant J 32:915–925Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Ivanov BN, Sacksteder CA, Kramer DM, Edwards GE (2001) Light-induced ascorbate-dependent electron transport and membrane energization in chloroplasts of bundle sheath cells of the C4 plant maize. Arch Biochem Biophys 385:145–153PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Smirnoff N (2000) Ascorbic acid: metabolism and functions of a multi-facetted molecule. Curr Opin Plant Biol 3:229–235PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Talla S, Riazunnisa K, Padmavathi L, Sunil B, Rajsheel P, Raghavendra AS (2011) Ascorbic acid is a key participant during the interactions between chloroplasts and mitochondria to optimize photosynthesis and protect against photoinhibition. J Biosci 36:163–173PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Zhang JX, Kirkham MB (1996) Enzymatic responses of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle to drought in sorghum and sunflower plants. Plant Sci 113:139–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Takahama U, Oniki T (1997) A peroxidase/phenolics/ascorbate system can scavenge hydrogen peroxide in plant cells. Physiol Plant 101:845–852CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Yamasaki H, Grace SC (1998) EPR detection of phytophenoxyl radicals stabilized by zinc ions: evidence for the redox coupling of plant phenolics with ascorbate in the H2O2-peroxidase system. FEBS Lett 422:377–380PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Mehlhorn H, Lelandais M, Korth HG, Foyer CH (1996) Ascorbate is the natural substrate for plant peroxidases. FEBS Lett 378:203–206PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Battke F, Ernst D, Halbach S (2005) Ascorbate promotes emission of mercury vapour from plants. Plant Cell Environ 28:1487–1495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Huang GY, Wang YS, Sun CC, Dong JD, Sun ZX (2010) The effect of multiple heavy metals on ascorbate, glutathione and related enzymes in two mangrove plant seedlings (Kandelia candel and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza). Oceanol Hydrobiol Stud 39:11–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Fridovich I (1998) Oxygen toxicity: a radical explanation. J Exp Biol 201:1203–1209PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Asada K (1999) The water–water cycle in chloroplasts: Scavenging of active oxygens and dissipation of excess photons. Ann Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 50:601–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Zheng X, Vanhuystee RB (1992) Anionic peroxidase catalyzed ascorbic acid and IAA oxidation in the presence of hydrogen peroxide: a defense system against peroxidative stress in peanut plant. Phytochemistry 31:1895–1898CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Pignocchi C, Foyer CH (2003) Apoplastic ascorbate metabolism and its role in the regulation of cell signalling. Curr Opin Plant Biol 6:379–389PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Sanmartin M, Drogoudi PD, Lyons T, Pateraki I, Barnes J, Kanellis AK (2003) Over-expression of ascorbate oxidase in the apoplast of transgenic tobacco results in altered ascorbate and glutathione redox states and increased sensitivity to ozone. Planta 216:918–928PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Fotopoulos V, De Tullio MC, Barnes J, Kanellis AK (2008) Altered stomatal dynamics in ascorbate oxidase over-expressing tobacco plants suggest a role for dehydroascorbate signalling. J Exp Bot 59:729–737PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Parsons HT, Fry SC (2010) Reactive oxygen species-induced release of intracellular ascorbate in plant cell-suspension cultures and evidence for pulsing of net release rate. New Phytol 187:332−342PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Lee EH (1991) Plant resistance mechanisms to air pollutants: rhythms in ascorbic acid production during growth under ozone stress. Chronobiol Int 8:93–102PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Al-Hakimi AMA, Hamada AM (2001) Counteraction of salinity stress on wheat plants by grain soaking in ascorbic acid, thiamin or sodium salicylate. Biol Plant 44:253–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Teklemariam TA, Sparks JP (2006) Leaf fluxes of NO and NO2 in four herbaceous plant species: the role of ascorbic acid. Atmos Environ 40:2235–2244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Michael PI, Krishnaswamy M (2011) The effect of zinc stress combined with high irradiance stress on membrane damage and antioxidative response in bean seedlings. Environ Exp Bot 74:171–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Younis ME, Hasaneen MNA, Kazamel AMS (2009) Plant growth, metabolism and adaptation in relation to stress conditions. XXVII. Can ascorbic acid modify the adverse effects of NaCl and mannitol on amino acids, nucleic acids and protein patterns in Vicia faba seedlings? Protoplasma 235:37–47PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Hemavathi, Upadhyaya CP, Young KE, Akula N, Kim HS, Heung JJ, Oh OM, Aswath CR, Chun SC, Kim DH, Park SW (2009). Over-expression of strawberry D-galacturonic acid reductase in potato leads to accumulation of vitamin C with enhanced abiotic stress tolerance. Plant Sci 177:659–667Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Hemavathi, Upadhyaya, CP, Akula N, Young KE, Chun SC, Kim DH, Park SW (2010). Enhanced ascorbic acid accumulation in transgenic potato confers tolerance to various abiotic stresses. Biotechnol Lett 32:321–330Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Chen Z, Gallie DR (2005) Increasing tolerance to ozone by elevating foliar ascorbic acid confers greater protection against ozone than increasing avoidance. Plant Physiol 138:1673–1689PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Kwon SY, Choi SM, Ahn YO, Lee HS, Lee HB, Park YM, Kwak SS (2003) Enhanced stress-tolerance of transgenic tobacco plants expressing a human dehydroascorbate reductase gene. J Plant Physiol 160:347–353PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Ushimaru T, Nakagawa T, Fujioka Y, Daicho K, Naito M, Yamauchi Y, Nonaka H, Amako K, Yamawaki K, Murata N (2006) Transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing the rice dehydroascorbate reductase gene are resistant to salt stress. J Plant Physiol 163:1179–1184PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Eltayeb AE, Kawano N, Badawi GH, Kaminaka H, Sanekata T, Morishima I, Shibahara T, Inanaga S, Tanaka K (2006) Enhanced tolerance to ozone and drought stresses in transgenic tobacco overexpressing dehydroascorbate reductase in cytosol. Physiol Plant 127:57–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Yin LN, Wang SW, Eltayeb AE, Uddin MI, Yamamoto Y, Tsuji W, Takeuchi Y, Tanaka K (2010) Overexpression of dehydroascorbate reductase, but not monodehydroascorbate reductase, confers tolerance to aluminum stress in transgenic tobacco. Planta 231:609–621PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Adak S, Datta AK (2005) Leishmania major encodes an unusual peroxidase that is a close homologue of plant ascorbate peroxidase: a novel role of the transmembrane domain. Biochem J 390:465–474PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Hossain Z, Lopez-Climent MF, Arbona V, Perez-Clemente RM, Gomez-Cadenas A (2009) Modulation of the antioxidant system in citrus under waterlogging and subsequent drainage. J Plant Physiol 166:1391–1404PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Jimenez A, Hernandez JA, delRio LA, Sevilla F (1997) Evidence for the presence of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle in mitochondria and peroxisomes of pea leaves. Plant Physiol 114:275–284PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Mittler R, Zilinskas BA (1992) Molecular-cloning and characterization of a gene encoding pea cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase. J Biol Chem 267:21802–21807PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Yoshimura K, Yabuta Y, Ishikawa T, Shigeoka S (2000) Expression of spinach ascorbate peroxidase isoenzymes in response to oxidative stresses. Plant Physiol 123:223–233PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Agrawal GK, Jwa NS, Iwahashi H, Rakwal R (2003) Importance of ascorbate peroxidases OsAPX1 and OsAPX2 in the rice pathogen response pathways and growth and reproduction revealed by their transcriptional profiling. Gene 322:93–103PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Wang YJ, Wisniewski M, Meilan R, Cui MG, Webb R, Fuchigami L (2005) Overexpression of cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase in tomato confers tolerance to chilling and salt stress. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 130:167–173Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Mehlhorn H (1990) Ethylene-promoted ascorbate peroxidase-activity protects plants against hydrogen-peroxide, ozone and paraquat. Plant Cell Environ 13:971–976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Lopez F, Vansuyt G, CasseDelbart F, Fourcroy P (1996) Ascorbate peroxidase activity, not the mRNA level, is enhanced in salt-stressed Raphanus sativus plants. Physiol Plant 97:13–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Al-Ghamdi AA (2009) Evaluation of oxidative stress tolerance in two wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivars in response to drought. Int J Agric Biol 11:7–12Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    de Pinto MC, Lavermicocca P, Evidente A, Corsaro MM, Lazzaroni S, De Gara L (2003) Exopolysaccharides produced by plant pathogenic bacteria affect ascorbate metabolism in Nicotiana tabacum. Plant Cell Physiol 44:803–810PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Wang SD, Zhu F, Yuan S, Yang H, Xu F, Shang J, Xu MY, Jia SD, Zhang ZW, Wang JH, Xi DH, Lin HH (2011) The roles of ascorbic acid and glutathione in symptom alleviation to SA-deficient plants infected with RNA viruses. Planta 234:171–181PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Goggin FL, Avila CA, Lorence A (2010) Vitamin C content in plants is modified by insects and influences susceptibility to herbivory. BioEssays 32:777–790PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology, Ministry of Education, College of Horticulture and Forestry SciencesHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations