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Future Adults or Old Children? Integrating Life History Frameworks for Understanding Primate Positional Patterns

  • Michelle Bezanson
  • Mary Ellen Morbeck
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR, volume 37)

Abstract

Positional behavior is a measurable and observable link between the functional morphology/physiology and behavior of an animal in its environment. Locomotion, posture, and the morphology that allows movement abilities and expressed behaviors throughout the life stages interact with every aspect of an individual primate’s life and are important life history characteristics. Locomotion and posture in adults relate to survival and maintenance, thus allowing for reproduction, whereas in infants and juveniles, positional behavior is essential to survival and growth to reproductive maturity. The timing of life stages and biobehavioral strategies for survival and reproduction in different species are the products of natural selection. A life history perspective integrates knowledge of evolutionary processes with understanding the multifaceted roles of positional behavior in primates.

Keywords

Positional behavior Ontogeny Life history Posture Locomotion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Julienne Rutherford, Katie Hinde, and Kate Clancy for organizing this volume and inviting us to contribute a chapter. In addition, we thank three anonymous reviewers for providing comments to improve the manuscript. The line drawing in Fig. 19.1 was drawn from a photo taken by Matthew Wyczalkowski.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologySanta Clara UniversitySanta ClaraUSA
  2. 2.School of AnthropologyUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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