Radiation Biology

Chapter

Abstract

The subject of radiation biology deals with the effects of ionizing radiations on living systems. During the passage through living matter, radiation loses energy by interaction with atoms and molecules of the matter, thereby causing ionization and excitation. The ultimate effect is the alteration of the living cells. Radiation biology is a vast subject, and it is beyond the scope of this book to include the full details of the subject. The following is only a brief outline of radiation biology, highlighting the mechanism of radiation damage, radiosensitivity of tissues, different types of effect on living matter, and risks of cancer and genetic effects from radiation exposure.

Keywords

Estrogen Radium Dermatitis Pyrimidine Neuroblastoma 

References and Suggested Readings

  1. American Cancer Society. Radiation Exposure and Cancer. Atlanta, GA; 2003.Google Scholar
  2. BEIR V Committee. The Effects on Populations of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiations. Washington DC: National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council; 1990.Google Scholar
  3. BEIR VII, Phase 2. Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiations. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council; 2005.Google Scholar
  4. Hall EJ and Giaccia AJ. Radiobiology for the Radiologist. 7th ed. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011.Google Scholar
  5. ICRP report no. 26. Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. New York: Pergamon; 1977.Google Scholar
  6. ICRP report no. 60. 1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. New York: Pergamon, 1991.Google Scholar
  7. Jaworowski Z. Radiation risk and ethies. Physics Today. 1999;52:24.Google Scholar
  8. Mettler FA, Upton AC. Medical Effects of Ionizing Radiations. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 2008.Google Scholar
  9. Murphy PH. Acceptable risk as a basis for regulation. Radiographics. 1991;11:889–897.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. NCRP report no. 93. Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States. Bethesda, MD: NCRP; 1987.Google Scholar
  11. NCRP report no. 100. Exposure of the U.S. Population from Diagnostic Medical Radiation. Bethesda, MD: NCRP; 1989.Google Scholar
  12. NCRP report no. 160. Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States. Bethesda, MD: NCRP; 2009.Google Scholar
  13. Nias AHW. An Introduction to Radiobiology. 2nd ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley; 1998.Google Scholar
  14. Pizzarello DJ, Witcofski RL. Medical Radiation Biology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1982.Google Scholar
  15. Prasad KN. Handbook of Radiobiology. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 1995.Google Scholar
  16. Ring JP. Radiation risks and dirty bombs. Health Phys. 2004;86:S42–S47.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rotblat J, Lindop P. Long-term effects of a single whole body exposure of mice to ionizing radiation, II. Causes of death. Proc R Soc Lond (Biol). 1961;154:350–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Travis EL. Primer of Medical Radiobiology. 2nd ed. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers; 1989.Google Scholar
  19. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). Ionizing Radiations: Sources and Biological Effects. New York: United Nations, 1982.Google Scholar
  20. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). Sources, Effects and Risks of Ionizing Radiation. New York, United Nations, 1988.Google Scholar
  21. Watson EE. Radiation absorbed dose to the human fetal thyroid. In: 5th International Radiopharmaceutical Dosimetry Symposium. Oak Ridge, TN, May 7–10, 1991.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Cleveland Clinic FoundationEmeritus StaffClevelandUSA

Personalised recommendations