Out of Asia: The Singular Case of the Barbary Macaque

  • Bonaventura Majolo
  • Els van Lavieren
  • Laëtitia Maréchal
  • Ann MacLarnon
  • Garry Marvin
  • Mohamed Qarro
  • Stuart Semple
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR, volume 43)

Abstract

The Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) is the only species of the genus Macaca living outside Asia. Currently, two disjointed and highly fragmented populations of this species exist in the wild, in Morocco and Algeria. The Barbary macaque is listed as endangered in the IUCN 2010 Red List of Threatened Species and the total population size in the wild is estimated at between 5,000 and 6,000 individuals. Outside Africa, a free-ranging population of macaques inhabits the Rock of Gibraltar. The Barbary macaque can be considered a flagship species of the cedar and oak forests of Morocco and Algeria. Despite this, little is known about the population structure, ecology and behaviour of wild Barbary macaques. Scarce data exist on the effect of human activity on the conservation and behaviour of this species. In this chapter, we review the literature on wild Barbary macaques to describe their ecology and behaviour. We discuss the factors threatening the survival of this species, and the history of human-macaque interactions in Morocco and Algeria, as well as in Gibraltar. Moreover, we analyse the effect of tourist pressure on the behaviour of the Barbary macaque at our field site in the Middle Atlas Mountains of Morocco, as a case study of human-macaque interactions.

Keywords

Migration Hepatitis Europe Charcoal Egypt 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Sindhu Radhakrishna, Anindya Sinha and Michael Huffman for inviting us to contribute to this volume. We thank the Haut Commissariat aux Eaux et Forêts et à la Lutte Contre la Désertification of Morocco for research permission to conduct research in Morocco. Richard McFarland and Chris Young provided useful data for this chapter and made an important contribution to our research in Morocco. Finally, we thank Abderrahmane Rakkas and Itto Fenani for their hospitality and logistical help in the field.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bonaventura Majolo
    • 1
  • Els van Lavieren
    • 2
  • Laëtitia Maréchal
    • 3
  • Ann MacLarnon
    • 3
  • Garry Marvin
    • 3
  • Mohamed Qarro
    • 4
  • Stuart Semple
    • 3
  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of LincolnLincolnUK
  2. 2.Moroccan Primate Conservation FoundationRandwijk, Amsterdamthe Netherlands
  3. 3.Centre for Research in Evolutionary and Environmental AnthropologyUniversity of RoehamptonLondonUK
  4. 4.Ecole Nationale Forestiére d’IngénieursSaléMorocco

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