k-NN Boosting Prototype Learning for Object Classification

  • Paolo Piro
  • Michel Barlaud
  • Richard Nock
  • Frank Nielsen
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 158)

Abstract

Image classification is a challenging task in computer vision. For example fully understanding real-world images may involve both scene and object recognition. Many approaches have been proposed to extract meaningful descriptors from images and classifying them in a supervised learning framework. In this chapter, we revisit the classic k-nearest neighbors (k-NN) classification rule, which has shown to be very effective when dealing with local image descriptors. However, k-NN still features some major drawbacks, mainly due to the uniform voting among the nearest prototypes in the feature space. In this chapter, we propose a generalization of the classic k-NN rule in a supervised learning (boosting) framework. Namely, we redefine the voting rule as a strong classifier that linearly combines predictions from the k closest prototypes. In order to induce this classifier, we propose a novel learning algorithm, MLNN (Multiclass Leveraged Nearest Neighbors), which gives a simple procedure for performing prototype selection very efficiently. We tested our method first on object classification using 12 categories of objects, then on scene recognition as well, using 15 real-world categories. Experiments show significant improvement over classic k-NN in terms of classification performances.

Keywords

Boosting k-NN classification Object recognition Scene categorization 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Piro
    • 1
  • Michel Barlaud
    • 1
  • Richard Nock
    • 2
  • Frank Nielsen
    • 3
  1. 1.CNRS/University of Nice-Sophia AntipolisSophia AntipolisFrance
  2. 2.CEREGMIA/University of Antilles-GuyaneMartiniqueFrance
  3. 3.LIX/Ecole PolytechniquePalaiseauFrance

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