Other Methods of Tumor Dissemination

  • Abelardo A. Rodríguez-ReyesEmail author


Methods of cancer dissemination other than lymphatic and hematogenous spread are direct seeding of body cavities or surfaces and perineural spread (Robbins et al., Pathologic basis of disease, 1994; Laerum, Diagnostic Cytopathology, 33:292–293, 2005). Seeding of body cavities and surfaces may occur whenever a malignant tumor penetrates into a natural “open field”. The peritoneum is the most often involved cavity, but other cavities such as pleura, pericardium, subarachnoid space and the eye globe may be affected.


Peritoneal Carcinomatosis Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Metastatic Carcinoma Malignant Pleural Effusion Vitreous Body 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Asociación Para Evitar la Ceguera en México, Hospital “Dr. Luis Sánchez Bulnes„, Faculty of MedicineUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM)Ciudad de MéxicoMéxico

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