Nevoid Skin Findings

  • Nanette B. Silverberg
  • Nanette B. Silverberg
Chapter

Abstract

Birthmarks and acquired nevoid skin findings are a group of skin diseases in which one (nevus) or two or more (hamartoma) cell types are increased in number or functionally altered. Hamartomas are generally localized tumors of cells that are normal to a region, as opposed to choristomas, which contain cells abnormal to a region.

Keywords

Estrogen Dermatitis Retinoid Neurofibromatosis Vitiligo 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Many thanks to Dr. Ashfaq Marghoob for his interesting and expert insight into melanocytic nevi of childhood.

References

  1. 1.
    Vallarelli AF, Harrison SL, Souza EM (2010) Melanocytic nevi in a Brazilian community of predominantly Dutch descent (1999-2007). An Bras Dermatol 85:469–477PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aguilera P, Puig S, Guilabert A, Julià M, Romero D, Vicente A, González-Enseñat MA, Malvehy J (2009) Prevalence study of nevi in children from Barcelona. Dermoscopy, constitutional and environmental factors. Dermatology 218:203–214PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Haliasos HC, Zalaudek I, Malvehy J, Lanschuetzer C, Hinter H, Hofmannn-Wellenhof BR, Marghoob AA (2010) Dermsocopy of benign and malignant neoplasms in the pediatric population. Semin Cutan Med Surg 29:218–231PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Scope A, Marghoob AA, Chen CS, Lieb JA, Weinstock MA, Halpern AC, SONIC Study Group (2009) Dermoscopic patterns and subclinical melanocytic nests in normal-appearing skin. Br J Dermatol 160:1318–1321PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tcheung WJ, Bellet JS, Prose NS, Cyr DD, Nelson KC (2011) Clinical and dermoscopic features of 88 scalp naevi in 39 children. Br J Dermatol 165:137–143PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Schaffer JV, Glusac EJ, Bolognia JL (2001) The eclipse naevus: tan centre with stellate brown rim. Br J Dermatol 145:1023–1026PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Palicka GA, Rhodes AR (2010) Acral melanocytic nevi: prevalence and distribution of gross morphologic features in white and black adults. Arch Dermatol 146:1085–1094PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Minagawa A, Koga H, Saida T (2011) Dermoscopic characteristics of congenital melanocytic nevi affecting acral volar skin. Arch Dermatol 147:809–813PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bradford PT, Goldstein AM, McMaster ML, Tucker MA (2009) Acral lentiginous melanoma: incidence and survival patterns in the United States, 1986-2005. Arch Dermatol 145:427–434PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gupta M, Berk DR, Gray C, Cornelius LA, Bayliss SJ (2010) Morphologic features and natural history of scalp nevi in children. Arch Dermatol 146:506–511PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Roldán FA, Hernando AB, Cuadrado A, Blanco CC, Fernández RS, Hermosa JM, Ochaita PL (2009) Small and medium-sized congenital nevi in children: a comparison of the costs of excision and long-term follow-up. Dermatol Surg 35:1867–1872PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zalaudek I, Argenziano G, Mordente I, Moscarella E, Corona R, Sera F, Blum A, Cabo H, Di Stefani A, Hofmann-Wellenhof R, Johr R, Langford D, Malvehy J, Kolm I, Sgambato A, Puig S, Soyer HP, Kerl H (2007) Nevus type in dermoscopy is related to skin type in white persons. Arch Dermatol 143:351–356PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sergay A, Silverberg NB (2007) Divided café-au-lait macule of the mouth. J Am Acad Dermatol 56:S98–S99PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Carr EM, Heilman E, Prose NS (1990) Spitz nevi in black children. J Am Acad Dermatol 23:842–845PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tritton SM, Smith S, Wong LC, Zagarella S, Fischer G (2009) Pyogenic granuloma in ten children treated with topical imiquimod. Pediatr Dermatol 26:269–272PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Takahasi M (1976) Studies on café au lait spots in neurofibromatosis and pigmented macules of nevus spilus. Tohoku J Exp Med 118:255–273PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nunley KS, Gao F, Albers AC, Bayliss SJ, Gutmann DH (2009) Predictive value of café au lait macules at initial consultation in the diagnosis of neurofibromatosis type 1. Arch Dermatol 145:883–887PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Whitehouse D (1966) Diagnostic value of the café-au-lait spot in children. Arch Dis Child 41:316–319PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Karabiber H, Sasmaz S, Turanli G, Yakinci C (2002) Prevalence of hypopigmented maculae and café-au-lait spots in idiopathic epileptic and healthy children. J Child Neurol 17:57–59PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ferner RE (2010) The neurofibromatoses. Pract Neurol 10:82–93PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Duong TA, Bastuji-Garin S, Valeyrie-Allanore L, Sbidian E, Ferkal S, Wolkenstein P (2011) Evolving pattern with age of cutaneous signs in neurofibromatosis type 1: a cross-sectional study of 728 patients. Dermatology 222:269–273PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dhar S, Kanwar AJ, Kaur S (1993) Nevus depigmentosus in India: experience with 50 patients. Pediatr Dermatol 10:299–300PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fukai K, Ishii M, Kadoya A, Hamada T, Wakamatsu K, Ito S (1993) Nevus depigmentosus systematicus with partial yellow scalp hair due to selective suppression of eumelanogenesis. Pediatr Dermatol 10:205–208PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mishima Y, Mevorah B (1961) Nevus Ota and nevus Ito in American Negroes. J Invest Dermatol 36:133–154PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sciallis GF, Sciallis AP (2010) Becker nevus with an underlying desmoid tumor: a case report and review including Mayo Clinic’s experience. Arch Dermatol 146:1408–1412PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Happle R (2010) The group of epidermal nevus syndromes. Part I. Well defined phenotypes. J Am Acad Dermatol 63:1–22PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Heilig S, Koslosky K, Ioffreda MD, Shin HT, Zaenglein AL (2011) Eczematous nevus sebaceus: a report of three cases. Pediatr Dermatol 28:176–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Reza AM, Farahnaz GZ, Hamideh S, Alinaghi SA, Saeed Z, Mostafa H (2010) Incidence of Mongolian spots and its common sites at two university hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Pediatr Dermatol 27:397–398PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nanda A, Kaur S, Bhakoo ON, Dhall K (1989) Survey of cutaneous lesions in Indian newborns. Pediatr Dermatol 6:39–42PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Cordova A (1981) The Mongolian spot: a study of ethnic differences and a literature review. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 20:714–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Monteagudo B, Labandeira J, León-Muiños E, Carballeira I, Corrales A, Cabanillas M, Suárez-Amor O, Toribio J (2011) Prevalence of birthmarks and transient skin lesions in 1,000 Spanish newborns. Actas Dermosifiliogr 102:264–269PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Rybojad M, Moraillon I, Ogier de Baulny H, Prigent F, Morel P (1999) Extensive Mongolian spot related to Hurler disease. Ann Dermatol Venereol 126:35–37PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ochiai T, Ito K, Okada T, Chin M, Shichino H, Mugishima H (2003) Significance of extensive Mongolian spots in Hunter’s syndrome. Br J Dermatol 148:1173–1178PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nanette B. Silverberg
    • 1
  • Nanette B. Silverberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Columbia University College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of DermatologyPediatric and Adolescent Dermatology St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital and Beth Israel Medical CentersNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations