Gender and Sustainable Peace

  • Abigail Disney
  • Leymah Gbowee
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS)


The narratives of war include women and girls as among the worst victims. They are the refugees, sex slaves, victims of domestic violence and grieving widows and mothers that war leaves behind. However, recent actions by women have compelled the narratives to be rewritten taking into consideration an inarguable fact: women are also often one of the primary hopes for peace in their communities. This chapter will highlight the work of the women lead by Leymah Gbowee in the Liberia Mass Action for Peace Campaign, introducing a gender dimension to the study of the complex circumstances that lead to peace, and identifying the obstacles placed in the path of guarantying women’s participation in peace negotiations and post-conflict rebuilding strategies.


Domestic Violence Peace Agreement Gender Dimension Peace Talk Liberian Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Alonso, H. (1993). Peace as a women’s issue: A history of the U.S. movement for world peace and women’s rights. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Boulding, E. (2000). Cultures of peace: The hidden side of human history. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Ekiyor, T., & Gbowee, L. (2005). Women’s peace activism: The Liberian women’s experience. In P. Van Tongeren, J. Verhoeven, M. Brenk, & M. Hellema (Eds.), People building peace II. London: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  4. Gbowee, L. (2009). Effecting change through women’s activism in Liberia. IDS Bulletin, 40(2), 50–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Goldstein, J. S. (2001). War and gender: How gender shapes the war system and vice versa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Iwilade, A. (2011). Women and peace talks in Africa. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 12(1), 22–36.Google Scholar
  7. Kolb, D. M., & Coolidge, G. C. (1988). Her place at the table: A consideration of gender issues in negotiation (Working Paper No. 88–5). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Law School, Program on Negotiation.Google Scholar
  8. Lorentzen, L.A., & Turpin, J. (1998). The women and war reader. New York & London: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Mazurana, D., & McKay, S. (1999). Women and peacebuilding. Montréal: International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development.Google Scholar
  10. Press, R. (2011). Courage, principle and ambition: Human rights activism in Liberia and policy implications for taming authoritarian regimes. Journal of Human Rights Practice, 3(1), 113–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Reardon, B. A. (1993). Women and peace. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  12. Rehn, E., & Sirleaf, E. (2002). Women, war and peace: The independent experts’ assessment of armed conflict on women and women’s role in peacebuilding. New York: United Nations Development Fund for Women.Google Scholar
  13. Swers, M. (2002). The difference women make: The policy impact of women in congress. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  14. The World Bank. (2011). World development report: Conflict, security and development. Washington, DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar
  15. Tobach, E. (2008). Women and peace. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 14(1), 15–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. UNIFEM. (2010). Women’s participation in peace negotiations. United Nations Development Fund for Women. Accessed 14 Dec 2011.
  17. United Nations. (2000a). SC Res. 1325. Adopted by the Security Council at its 4,213th meeting, U.N. Doc. S/RES/1325.Google Scholar
  18. United Nations. (2000b). Women, peace and security. Study submitted by the Secretary-General pursuant to Security Council resolution 1325. New York: United Nations Publication.Google Scholar
  19. United Nations. (2008). SC Res. 1820. Adopted by the Security Council at its 5,916th meeting, U.N. Doc. S/RES/1820.Google Scholar
  20. United Nations. (2010). GA report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 1820 (2008) and 1888 (2009). Presented at the General Assembly at its 65th session. U.N. Doc. A/65/592–S/2010/604.Google Scholar
  21. United Nations. (2011). Report of the special rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, Rashida Manjoo. Presented at the Human Rights Council at its 17th session. U.N. Doc. A/HRC/17/26.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Daphne FoundationNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Women Peace and Security Network-Africa (WIPSEN-Africa)AccraGhana

Personalised recommendations