• C. Barry Carter
  • M. Grant Norton


If you look in any introductory materials science book you find that one of the first sections describes the classification scheme. In classical materials science, materials are grouped into five categories:


Boron Carbide Aluminum Nitride Gallium Nitride Tricalcium Phosphate Advanced Ceramic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



  1. In the reference sections throughout the book, we list general references on the overall theme of the chapter and specific references that are the source of information referenced in the chapter. If a general reference is referred to specifically in the chapter, we generally do not repeat it.Google Scholar

Ceramics Textbooks

  1. Barsoum M (2002) Fundamentals of ceramics. CRC Press, Boca Raton, revised editionGoogle Scholar
  2. Chiang Y-M, Birnie D III, Kingery WD (1996) Physical ceramics: principles for ceramic science and engineering. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Kingery WD, Bowen HK, Uhlmann DR (1976) Introduction to ceramics, 2nd edn. Wiley, New York, This book was used in classes for 40 years following publication of the first edition by David Kingery in 1960Google Scholar
  4. Lee WE, Rainforth WM (1994) Ceramic microstructures: property control by processing. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Norton FH (1974) Elements of ceramics, 2nd edn. Addison-Wesley, ReadingGoogle Scholar
  6. Richerson DW (2005) Modern ceramic engineering: properties, processing, and use in design, 3rd edn. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  7. Van Vlack LH (1964) Physical ceramics for engineers. Addison-Wesley, ReadingGoogle Scholar

Introduction to Materials Science Textbooks

  1. Askeland DR, Fulay PP, Wright WJ (2010) The science of engineering materials, 6th edn. CL-Engineering, StamfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Callister WD, Rethwisch DG (2010) Materials science and engineering: an introduction, 8th edn. Wiley, New York, Known simply as “Callister”—used for introductions to MSE coursesGoogle Scholar
  3. Schaeffer JP, Saxena A, Antolovich SD, Sanders TH Jr, Warner SB (1999) The science and design of engineering materials, 2nd edn. McGraw-Hill, BostonGoogle Scholar
  4. Shackelford JF (2008) Introduction to materials science for engineers, 7th edn. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  5. Smith WF, Hashemi J (2009) Foundations of materials science and engineering, 5th edn. McGraw-Hill, BostonGoogle Scholar


  1. Bulletin of the American Ceramic Society: published by the American Ceramic Society (ACerS). News, society information, industry updates, positions. Free to society membersGoogle Scholar
  2. Ceramics International: published monthly by ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  3. Glass Technology: published by The Society of Glass Technology, SheffieldGoogle Scholar
  4. Journal of the American Ceramic Society: house journal of the ACerS. Contains peer-reviewed articles, published monthlyGoogle Scholar
  5. Journal of the European Ceramics Society: house journal of the European Ceramic Society, published by ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  6. Journal of Materials Science: (of course) published twice each month by SpringerGoogle Scholar
  7. Journal of Non-crystalline Solids: published monthly by ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  8. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses—European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B: published every 2 months by the Society of Glass TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  9. Transactions of the British Ceramic Society: published by the British Ceramic SocietyGoogle Scholar

Conference Proceedings

  1. Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings: published by the ACerS. Each issue is based on proceedings of a conferenceGoogle Scholar
  2. Ceramic Transactions a series of conference papers published by the ACerSGoogle Scholar

Useful Sources of Properties Data, Terminology and Constants

  1. Bloor D, Brook RJ, Flemings MC, Mahajan S, DiSalvo F (eds) (1995) The encyclopedia of advanced materials. AIP, New York, In four volumes, covers more than ceramicsGoogle Scholar
  2. Engineered Materials Handbook Volume 4 Ceramics and Glasses (1991) Volume chairman: Samuel J. Schneider, Jr., ASM InternationalGoogle Scholar
  3. Haynes WM (ed) (2011) CRC handbook of chemistry and physics, 92nd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Standard resource for property data. Updated and revised each yearGoogle Scholar
  4. McColm IJ (1994) Dictionary of ceramic science and engineering, 2nd edn. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lynch CT (ed) (1974) CRC handbook of materials science. CRC Press, Cleveland, In four volumesGoogle Scholar
  6. Shackelford JF, Alexander W (eds) (2000) CRC materials science and engineering handbook, 3rd edn. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  7. Somiya S, Aldinger F, Claussen N, Spriggs RM, Uchino K, Koumoto K, Kaneno M (2003) Handbook of advanced ceramics. Materials science, Processing and their applications, vol I and II. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar


  1. Coyne GS (1997) In: Coyne GS (ed) The laboratory companion: a practical guide to materials, equipment, and technique. Wiley, New York, Useful guide to the proper use of laboratory equipment, such as vacuum pumps and compressed gases. Also gives relevant safety informationGoogle Scholar
  2. Furr AK (ed) (2000) CRC handbook of laboratory safety, 5th edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Worthwhile handbook for any ceramics laboratory. Covers many of the possible hazards associated with the laboratoryGoogle Scholar
  3. Lewis RJ Sr (ed) (2004) Sax’s dangerous properties of industrial materials, 11th edn. New York, Wiley, A comprehensive resource in several volumes. Available in most librariesGoogle Scholar
  4. Lewis RJ Sr (ed) (2008) Hazardous chemicals desk reference, 6th edn. Wiley, New York, Shorter version of the next referenceGoogle Scholar
  5. Yaws CL (ed) (1999) Chemical properties handbook. McGraw-Hill, New York, pp 603–615, Gives exposure limits for many organic and inorganic compoundsGoogle Scholar

Specific References for this Chapter

  1. Bai Y, Zhang Y, Zhang J, Mu Q, Zhang W, Butch ER, Snyder SE, Yan B (2010) Repeated administrations of carbon nanotubes in male mice cause reversible testis damage without affecting fertility. Nat Nanotechnol 5:683, This study looked at the effects of amine- and carboxylate-functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes on the male reproductive systems of miceCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Poland CA, Duffin R, Kinloch I, Maynard A, Wallace WAH, Seaton A, Stone V, Brown S, MacNee W, Donaldson K (2008) Carbon nanotubes introduced into the abdominal cavity of mice show asbestos-like pathogenicity in a pilot study. Nat Nanotechnol 3:423, A widely cited study of the toxicity of carbon nanotubesCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Richerson DW (2000) The magic of ceramics. The American Ceramic Society, Westerville, A coffee table book about ceramics, illustrating their diverse applications and usesGoogle Scholar
  4. Royal Society (Great Britain), Royal Academy of Engineering (Great Britain) (2004) Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies: Opportunities and Uncertainties. The Royal Society, London, published on 29 July


  1. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) of the US Department of Labor web site on the internet is a comprehensive resource on all safety issues

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical, Materials and Biomolecular EngineeringUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.School of Mechanical and Materials EngineeringWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA

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