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The Clinical Picture and Natural History of Retinal Vein Occlusions

  • David J. Browning
Chapter

Abstract

The clinical picture of retinal vein occlusions (RVO) has been well described for over a century. RVOs cause visual loss by macular edema, macular ischemia, foveal hemorrhage, submacular scarring, macular holes and lamellar holes, vitreous hemorrhage, epiretinal membrane, and traction retinal detachment.127 Despite reservations, the natural history of branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), and hemicentral retinal vein occlusion (HCRVO) is thoroughly understood.29, 52, 53, 56, 73, 84, 86, 112, 117, 118 Moreover, we continue to update our understanding of the natural history of RVOs from the untreated control arms of randomized clinical trials that test new therapies. This is important because the natural history of RVOs may change over time with changes in population demographics (e.g., the recent epidemic of obesity in industrialized nations) and general medical care. Understanding the natural history of RVOs is important because it informs judgment of the effectiveness of therapies.50

Keywords

Visual Acuity Macular Edema Macular Hole Retinal Vein Occlusion Central Retinal Vein Occlusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Browning
    • 1
  1. 1.Charlotte Eye Ear Nose & Throat AssociatesCharlotteUSA

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