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Drug Abuse in Cardiovascular Diseases

  • F. FurlanelloEmail author
  • L. Vitali Serdoz
  • L. De Ambroggi
  • R. Cappato
Chapter

Abstract

A large amount of substances and their association can lead to worsening of latent or active cardiovascular diseases and, sometimes, to ex-novo cardiovascular diseases.

Negative cardiovascular effects are mainly due to pharmacokinetics of substances, in particular if drugs are administered in combination, or if intake, distribution, and elimination processes are altered; moreover, negative effects can be due to pharmacodynamics of drugs as in the presence of an interaction between an otherwise non-toxic substance and a morphofunctional altered cardiac substrate.

In the first part of this chapter, we systematically describe cardiovascular effects of illicit drugs, as listed by the World Anti-Doping Agency and including different classes of substances, namely, anabolic androgenic steroids, hormones and related substances, β2-agonists, diuretics, stimulants, narcotics, cannabinoids, glucocorticosteroids, alcohol, and β-blockers. The second part is dedicated to cardiovascular effects that can occur during the use and abuse of most common prescription drugs as antipsychotic, antibiotics, anti-viral, antihistaminic, and antineoplastic drugs.

Keywords

Growth Hormone Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Illicit Drug Anabolic Steroid Anabolic Androgenic Steroid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Furlanello
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. Vitali Serdoz
    • 1
  • L. De Ambroggi
    • 1
  • R. Cappato
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of Clinical Arrhythmology and Electrophysiology, Istituto Policlinico San Donato, IRCCSUniversity of MilanSan Donato MilaneseItaly

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