Modeling of Photovoltaic Charging System for the Battery Powered Wireless Sensor Networks

  • R. Hemalatha
  • R. Ramaprabha
  • S. Radha
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 150)


Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) requires energy harvesters to reduce the frequent replacement of the motes on field. This paper presents the modeling and design of a Solar Photovoltaic Charging (SPC) system with Incremental Conductance algorithm and Boost converter. Modeling of the chosen PV module (950 mW) is done and the characteristics are analyzed. The working of the Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT) is checked under arbitrarily varying irradiance and temperature conditions. The generated energy is stored in the 4.8 V, 150 mA NiMH battery. In this paper, mathematical modeling of WSN mote as a resistor based on the energy consumption of the mote in the active and sleep state is proposed. Series Charge regulation is used to improve the battery lifetime. The entire SPC system is developed using MATLAB/SIMULINK.




I, V

Solar current and solar voltage


Light generated current


Reverse saturation current


Electron charge


Series resistance


Diode ideality factor


Boltzmann’s constant




Reference temperature


Short circuit current at Tref


Thermal voltage at Tref


Reverse saturation current at Tref

\( \Updelta I,\, \Updelta V_{c} \)

Ripple current and voltage


Duty cycle


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ECESSN College of EngineeringChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of EEESSN College of EngineeringChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of ECESSN College of EngineeringChennaiIndia

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