Production of Oils and Fats from Single Cells and Animal Raw Materials

Chapter

Abstract

Animal fat has been produced by rendering carcasses and trimmings since time immemorial. Fish oil has been used as lamp oil and as a source of vitamin D and has also been partially hydrogenated for use as hardstock in margarine. The production of animal carcass fats can be regarded as a mature process. Nowadays, fish oil is used mainly as a feed ingredient in fish farming, so a novel source of ω-3 fatty acids has been sought and found in algal oil; this has led to a spate of patent applications. The scale of production of these oils is still small, but because industry has high hopes of increasing this scale, the use of algal oil as raw material for biodiesel is also envisaged. This chapter gives an overview of the patent literature concerned.

Keywords

Cholesterol Starch Microwave Acetone Milling 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CarbougnèresSt. Eutrope-de-BornFrance

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