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Droplet Microreactors for Materials Synthesis

  • Nick J. Carroll
  • Suk Tai Chang
  • Dimiter N. Petsev
  • Orlin D. Velev
Chapter
Part of the Integrated Analytical Systems book series (ANASYS)

Abstract

The miniaturization of fluid flow and analytical systems has created exciting avenues of scientific and engineering research in materials synthesis. The conventional microfluidic devices have channels with widths in the tens of micrometer range. Fluidic behavior at the microscale may differ from that at larger scales in that interfacial tension, viscous effects, and energy dissipation can dominate the system. Microfluidics has received much attention in the scientific community and has been the topic of many excellent reviews [89, 100]. In some applications slow or minimal mixing is required, and the laminar flows obtained in microchannels become highly desirable. The conventional microfluidic channels can also process liquid in the form of microscopic droplets. Water-in-oil emulsions can be formed in microfluidic devices to form a steady stream of monodisperse aqueous droplets with volumes as small as picoliters [4]. The drops can be loaded with reactants to perform chemical reactions of interest [83, 85, 86].

Keywords

Interfacial Tension Microfluidic Device Droplet Formation Master Mold Electric Double Layer Thickness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by grants from the US National Science Foundation (CBET 0828900, PREM—DMR 0611616, and MRSEC DMR-1121107).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nick J. Carroll
    • 1
  • Suk Tai Chang
    • 2
  • Dimiter N. Petsev
    • 1
  • Orlin D. Velev
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, Center for Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.School of Chemical Engineering and Materials ScienceChung-Ang UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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