Horizontal, Vertical, and Conglomerate Mergers

  • Victor J. Tremblay
  • Carol Horton Tremblay
Chapter
Part of the Springer Texts in Business and Economics book series (STBE)

Abstract

The immediate and most dramatic way for a company to expand its size and influence market structure is to purchase another company. Historical examples abound. In the late 1800s, Standard Oil Company gained a 90% share of the petroleum market by purchasing more than 120 competitors. In the 1960s, ITT (International Telephone and Telegraph) became a diversified corporation by acquiring 52 domestic and 55 foreign companies, including such well-known businesses as Avis Rent-a-Car, Continental Baking (Wonder Bread), Hartford Insurance, and Sheraton Hotels. By 1968, ITT had become the 11th largest corporation in the USA. The recent financial crisis has forced a number of very large acquisitions. The largest of these occurred in 2008, with Bank of America purchasing Merrill Lynch, a provider of insurance and financial services, for $50 billion and Wells Fargo Bank purchasing Wachovia Bank for $15.1 billion.

Keywords

Clay Mold Income Marketing Gasoline 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor J. Tremblay
    • 1
  • Carol Horton Tremblay
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

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