Recent advances in high-resolution ultrasound imaging present new opportunities for improving the care of patients with musculoskeletal injuries, including the knee. Ultrasound evaluation of the knee can be a very helpful adjunctive tool in combination with clinical examination to optimize diagnostic accuracy. Practical to use in an office setting, this can also be cost-effective by minimizing the use of more expensive imaging like MRI. Not to mention the important fact that patients are not exposed to ionizing radiation. Furthermore, ultrasound has the added benefit of accurate localization for injection treatment or aspiration of the knee, which can easily be done in the office to further enhance patient care and convenience. Learning the basics is dependent on a sound basis of knee anatomy. This chapter will address the “how-to” of the technique for ultrasound knee imaging and will also briefly discuss its use for some common pathologic knee conditions.
KeywordsAnisotropy Corticosteroid Flare Osteoarthritis Synovitis
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