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Ankle

  • John HatzenbuehlerEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The ankle can easily and efficiently be evaluated by musculoskeletal ultrasound. This joint has its own challenges because of the amount of anatomy in a small space and the need to finely manipulate the probe because of the circuitous route of the tendons as they traverse the ankle and foot. This chapter demonstrates how to evaluate the ankle in various positions to access all of the structures.

Keywords

Achilles Tendon Lateral Malleolus Overuse Injury Posterior Tibial Artery Peroneal Tendon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. AIUM practice guideline for the performance of the musculoskeletal ultrasound examination; 2007. http://www.aium.org.
  2. Blankenbaker DG, De Smet AA. The role of ultrasound in the evaluation of sports injuries of the lower extremities. Clin Sports Med. 2006;25(4):867–97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Lin J, Fessell DP, Jacobsen JA, Weadock WJ, Hayes CW. An illustrated tutorial of musculoskeletal sonography: part 3, the lower extremity. Am J Roentgenol. 2000;175(5):1313–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Micu MC, Nestrova R, Petranova T, Porta F, Radunovic G, Vlad V, et al. Ultrasound of the ankle and foot in rheumatology. Med Ultrason. 2012;14(1):34–41.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Rogers CJ, Cianca J. Musculoskeletal ultrasound of the ankle and foot. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2010;21(3):549–57.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineMaine Medical CenterPortlandUSA

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