• John HatzenbuehlerEmail author


The ankle can easily and efficiently be evaluated by musculoskeletal ultrasound. This joint has its own challenges because of the amount of anatomy in a small space and the need to finely manipulate the probe because of the circuitous route of the tendons as they traverse the ankle and foot. This chapter demonstrates how to evaluate the ankle in various positions to access all of the structures.


Achilles Tendon Lateral Malleolus Overuse Injury Posterior Tibial Artery Peroneal Tendon 
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Suggested Reading

  1. AIUM practice guideline for the performance of the musculoskeletal ultrasound examination; 2007.
  2. Blankenbaker DG, De Smet AA. The role of ultrasound in the evaluation of sports injuries of the lower extremities. Clin Sports Med. 2006;25(4):867–97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  4. Micu MC, Nestrova R, Petranova T, Porta F, Radunovic G, Vlad V, et al. Ultrasound of the ankle and foot in rheumatology. Med Ultrason. 2012;14(1):34–41.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineMaine Medical CenterPortlandUSA

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