Urbanization, Local Government, and Planning for Sustainability


Local governments are in a unique position to manifest and implement the practices of sustainability. They possess a decision-making apparatus that allows sustainability practices to be readily implemented; they are the institutions closest to the people and whose decisions reflect on developing the holistic health of the community, meaning that the goals of equity, economy and environmental quality must all be satisfied equally; and they are the institutions that are most directly accountable to the people. This chapter discusses the origins and principles of sustainability planning for cities, various strategies for implementation, and concludes by providing a case study of a sustainability plan for the city of Manila, Philippines.


Urban sustainability Sustainability metrics Urban planning Manila, Philippines 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth and Environmental StudiesMontclair State UniversityMontclairUSA

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